Southwestern Historical Quarterly
necessities of capitalistic development along the border. In the final
stage, actually the present stage, Fernandez explains that the legal bor-
der in some ways, is a fiction left behind by the integration process.
Fernandez discusses the Border Industrial Program, its relationship with
multinational corporations, and its failure to integrate the border re-
gion into Mexico's national economy.
This interesting study is well-organized and makes excellent use of
available sources concerning this region. In his conclusion he questions
the concept of "Aztlhn," "Chicano colony," and "internal colony,"
clearly demonstrating that the heterogeneity and diversity of the area
precludes cultural or racial explanations from a valid assessment of the
border economy. He does, however, warn that a better and more ra-
tional economic development of the area must await the disappearance
of imperialism and uneven economic practices.
I recommend this book to the historian looking for a clear, concise
economic explanation, to the economist looking for historical back-
grounds, and to the general reader seeking a better explanation of this
Purdue University WILLIAM COLLINS
The Writings of Francisco Garcia Diego y Moreno: Obispo de Ambas
Californias. Edited by Francis J. Weber. (Los Angeles, California:
Libra Press Limited, 1976. Pp. xv+ 192. Introduction, glossary.
Father Francisco Garcia Diego (1785-1846) was a Mexican Franciscan
whose primary claim to fame was a turbulent fourteen year tenure first
as director of the Zacatecan missions and then as proto-Bishop of both
Californias. This book is a collection of 197 letters, lectures, sermons,
and other writings by Garcia Diego. They have been compiled through
meticulous research in Mexican and California archives. The editor has
furnished an excellent introductory essay summarizing the life of his
Some of the items included reveal this good Franciscan as a religious
product of his day in Mexico. For example, one sermon violently assails
"those wicked Spaniards who have hoisted the infernal banner of the
Jacobins" (p. 36), and claims that "the Lord chose from the sons of
America, the great glorious thoroughly religious Agustin de Iturbide to
remove the burdensome chains with which the people were enslaved"
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 82, July 1978 - April, 1979. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101206/. Accessed July 23, 2014.