tographer is demonstrated in the truly excellent illustrations in this
The biographical sketches of Upjohn, Renwick, Davis, and Downing
outline their backgrounds, ambitions, and frustrations; they are por-
trayed as creative individuals who made lasting contributions to nine-
teenth-century American architecture. Not only is their impact dem-
onstrated in the study of work directly traceable to these particular
architects. Their influence on other architects, working in every section
of the country is made clear in both the text and the illustrations.
Pierson's presentation provides a valuable insight into American
architectural accomplishment, both into some of its history and its
Austin, Texas EUGENE GEORGE
The Regulated Emigration of the German Proletariat with Special Ref-
erence to Texas, being also a Guide for German Emigrants. By
Ferdinand von Herff. Translated by Arthur L. Finck, Jr. (San An-
tonio: Trinity University Press, 1978. Pp. xxiv+75. Foreword,
introduction, illustrations, bibliography, index. $1o.)
In 1847, "The Forty," a fraternity of German communitarian free-
thinkers, settled on the Llano River in little Latin colony which they
named Bettina after Bettina Brentano von Arnim of the liberal Berlin
circle. Under the leadership of Ferdinand von Herff and Gustav
Schleicher (later congressman from Texas), these forty well-heeled and
well-educated but impractical young activists expected their new home
to be "a land of milk and honey." Within a year, though, these physi-
cians, engineers, architects, lawyers, and scientists had abandoned their
Disenchanted somewhat by the lesson, Herff returned for several years
to Germany to begin writing his more mature views of political reform.
Published in Frankfurt in 1850, The Regulated Emigration of the Ger-
man Proletariat is a compact treatise on the incremental transplantation
to Texas of German workers by a heavily financed national organization.
This scheme-derived in part from Fourier, Cabet, Engels, and Marx,
but modified by Herff's own experiences-called for a directed economy,
controlled production and distribution, and curtailed personal liberty
so that the lower classes could rise by their own efforts to become decent
and worthy citizens of their new fatherland.
The son of a Hessian privy-councilor and a cousin of John O. Meuse-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101207/. Accessed July 7, 2015.