Knights of Columbus in Texas: 1902-x977. By William H. Dunn. (Aus-
tin: Texas State Council of the Knights of Columbus, 1978. Pp.
v+226. Foreword, preface, acknowledgments, bibliography, in-
A quarter of a century ago, Msgr. William H. Oberste wrote an his-
torical survey of the Knights of Columbus movement in Texas, covering
the years 1902 until 1952. Now, William H. Dunn, C.S.C., of St. Ed-
ward's University, has produced an updated volume, summarizing much
of the earlier edition and advancing the narrative to recent develop-
The Knights of Columbus, a fraternal order of Roman Catholic men,
originated in 1882 in New Haven, Connecticut. Within twenty years
the movement had reached the western rim of Texas-El Paso-where
the first council was organized in 19o2. In the next fifty years the mem-
bership devoted time, energy, and material resources to the founding of
subordinate councils in isolated regions as well as metropolitan areas of
the state. With an expanded base of operation, the Knights promoted
church-related education, opposed religious prejudices, supported schol-
arly historical research, and aided wartime relief efforts.
At mid-century, the Texas Knights of Columbus embarked upon an
enlarged program of activity. Dunn's interpretation of the KC move-
ment in the last twenty-five years, replete with photographs, is presented
from the perspective of state leadership. Still, it is a solid summary,
based of meticulous research, of the contributions of the Knights of
Columbus in the Lone Star State.
University of Texas, San Antonio FELIx D. ALMARAZ, JR.
The Women's Club of El Paso: Its First Thirty Years. By Mary S. Cun-
ningham. (El Paso: Texas Western Press, 1978. Pp. 270. Intro-
duction, illustrations. $1o.)
Although the title might suggest that this book would have a limited
appeal beyond El Paso, those interested in the role of women will find
here an outline of developments typical of many frontier communities.
Before the rise of industrialism most women filled the role of helpmate,
cooperating in family enterprises and commitments. With the trend of
separation of the breadwinner's place of work from the home and in-
creased affluence for a larger segment of society, women had broader
options in the use of their time. Cunningham discusses the choices of
many late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century women of El Paso.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 83, July 1979 - April, 1980. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101207/. Accessed January 25, 2015.