The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982

Book Reviews

Nuttall's journal was first published in 1821. It was edited in 1905
by Reuben Gold Thwaites and republished as one of his Early West-
ern Travels series. The present volume is also derived from the origi-
nal publication. Thanks to a fine introduction, the extensive annota-
tion, an expanded bibliography, detailed maps, and an excellent index
provided by the editor, Savoie Lottinville, former director of the
University of Oklahoma Press, it is the best, most useful edition to
appear. Lottinville also supplies an editorial note to the several short
studies that Nuttall wrote and included as an appendix to his travel
account. These studies are largely of a secondary nature and deal
mainly with southwestern Indians. There will be no need for another
edition of Nuttall's journal.
Memphis State University LONNIE J. WHITE
Built in Texas. Edited by Francis Edward Abernethy. (Waco, Tex.:
Texas Folklore Society, 1980. Pp. ix+276. Preface, introduction,
illustrations. $21.45.)
A strong interest in Texas's historic homes and buildings has been
evident throughout the twentieth century. Recently, this interest has
grown to include not only elaborate or unusual mansions but also dog-
trot log homes and shotgun shanties. The latter are generally included
in the term "folk architecture," which is the subject of the forty-second
publication of the Texas Folklore Society.
Built in Texas is a pleasing arrangement of text, photographs, and
line drawings that outlines folk building in Texas. The text consists of
twenty-four essays, which are compiled into seven sections. The first
section introduces folk architecture and outlines its historical adaption
throughout the various regions of the state. Characterizing the activity
of folk building as opportunistic and primarily utilitarian, Abernethy
shows that many diverse and distinctive cultural groups contributed
to Texas's building traditions. The second section, "Methods and
Materials," explains that all settlers and immigrants had to adapt their
traditional building methods to the natural materials at hand-logs
in East Texas, stones in the Hill Country, dirt and grass in the Pan-
handle, or adobe in the Southwest. "Style and Form" compares various
traditional building forms and styles throughout the state. A heavy
emphasis is placed on the European influence in rural areas, and atten-
tion is called to several types of architecture commonly ignored or
forgotten, such as balloon-frame housing. An essay on mass-produced,

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101208/. Accessed August 29, 2015.