The American West: Essays in Honor of W. Eugene Hollon. Edited
by Ronald Lora. (Toledo, Ohio: The University of Toledo, 1980.
Pp. xx+260+v. Foreword, introduction, illustrations, index.
With the cost of publication so high, it is indeed a compliment to
Gene Hollon that these eleven articles by his former students have
been published in his honor. Ronald Lora's excellent introduction
provides useful summaries of the essays.
The first essayist, Gary C. Anderson, maintains that Lieutenant
Zebulon Pike was not very successful in negotiating with the Sioux
and Chippewa between 1805 and 1812. With better trading goods the
British traders had certain advantages, but the coverage of the crucial
period 1811-1812 is sparse. David E. Conrad's careful summary of
Amiel W. Whipple's observations of the Zuni Indians, during his sur-
vey of a railroad route in 1853, would have been helped by a map. In
the third essay, Herbert T. Hoover accepts the view that the United
States government's efforts to change the Yankton Sioux from their
reliance on strong chiefs, communal use of property, and ancient re-
ligious practices caused the "Great Indian Depression" from the years
188o to 1930. While some of the government's policies changed after
1930, the Sioux still struggle to regain land in preference to money
settlements. Today, Helen Pierce Gray would be referred to as an
investigative journalist. Donald L. Parman discusses her efforts to get
the Theodore Roosevelt administration to end scandals on the Crow
reservation and her struggles with bureaucratic roadblocks. The au-
thor charges that Progressives failed to protect Indian rights between
1906 and 1913-
John J. Little outlines the training of Adolph Murie and his efforts
to maintain Isle Royale National Park as a wilderness area. Recre-
ational enthusiasts, advocates of trails, problems with forest fires, and
a study of Murie's views prompted Congressman Phillip Ruppe to in-
troduce a compromise bill that President Gerald Ford signed in 1976.
It remains to be seen what 20,000 visitors a year will do to Murie's
ideal. John R. Jameson points out differences in Mexican and Anglo-
American concepts of park use, and explains why an international
park for peace has not become a reality along the Rio Grande. George
Lubick tells about Hopi and Navajo Indian efforts to protect their
sacred San Francisco Peaks from environmental desecration. Despite
the American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978, some expansion
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101208/. Accessed January 30, 2015.