The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

programs of the 196os revived and enhanced a sense of community
among tribal members. Another strength lies in the original, quanti-
tative research that undergirds the final chapter evaluating the cultural
evolution of both Mississippi and Oklahoma Choctaws during the
twentieth century.
On the whole, however, this is not a satisfying work. The authors
provide more narrative than analysis, and the relationship between
cultural change and historical event is not always clear. The organiza-
tion of the book also results in tedious repetition and fosters seeming
contradictions (compare clan numbers cited on pages 27 and 77, and
population counts on pages 76 and 77, as well as xvi and 95). But the
most serious problem is that the study-excepting parts of the last
chapter-is based almost entirely upon secondary sources, despite im-
plications to the contrary in the bibliography. This has led to some
egregious errors. The authors apparently were unaware that the Peace
of Paris of 1763 and the Proclamation of 1763 were not the same, that
there was only one Choctaw-related treaty in 1855, and that land was
to be divided in severalty after 1866 only if the tribe agreed. These
errors and research deficiencies make the book of limited value to
scholars. Instead, most students will want to rely upon the works of
Angie Debo, Arrell Morgan Gibson, Arthur H. DeRosier, and John
H. Peterson, Jr.
Oklahoma State University W. DAVID BAIRD
Stones River: Bloody Winter in Tennessee. By James Lee McDonough.
(Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1980. Pp. xiv+271.
Preface, illustrations, maps, bibliography, index. $15.50.)
Following the battle of Perryville, Braxton Bragg concentrated the
Army of Tennessee at Murfreesboro while the Army of the Cumber-
land, commanded by William S. Rosecrans, gathered in Nashville.
Rosecrans advanced against Bragg and on December 31, 1862, the
opposing forces faced each other west of Stones River (which itself was
just west of Murfreesboro) in two parallel lines running approximately
north and south, with the Confederates east of the federals. Leonidas
Polk's corps occupied the northern portion of the Confederate line
and William J. Hardee's held the southern end. Rosecrans posted the
Union army with Thomas L. Crittenden's corps at the northern end
of the position, George H. Thomas's corps in the center, and Alex-
ander M. McCook's corps at the southern end of the line.


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed November 25, 2015.