Southwestern Historical Quarterly
seem to be so funny now as it was when it was going on" (p. 88). There
are tragically humorous moments, as when Foster reports that "the
heavy firing on our left was the Yanks firing on their own pickets.
Their pickets came over to our line for protection from their own
men-They reported that they were all drunk over there" (p. 90).
For Jefferson Davis, when he removed General Joseph E. Johnston
from command, there is unmitigated criticism: "If Jeff Davis had made
his appearance in this army during the excitement, he would not have
lived an hour" (p. 107). And scathing denunciation of General Hood
followed the battle of Franklin. "General Hood," Foster wrote, "has
betrayed us .... And the wails and cries of widows and orphans made
at Franklin ... will heat up the fires of the bottomless pit to burn the
soul of General J. B. Hood for Murdering their husbands and
fathers... ." (p. 151)
This is an interesting book. Norman Brown has supplied extensive
explanatory notes in his capacity as editor, and also included a bio-
graphical sketch of Foster, as well as an account of the early history of
the regiments in Granbury's Texas Brigade. The work does contrib-
ute toward relieving the relative dearth of first-person material avail-
able on the western Confederacy.
David Lipscomb College JAMES LEE MCDONOUGH
Community on the American Frontier: Separate But Not Alone. By
Robert V. Hine. (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1980.
Pp. xii+292. Preface, prologue, illustrations, epilogue, bibliogra-
phy, index. $12.50.)
Studies of American history and character generally recognize the
pervasive influence of privatism and individualism. They are domi-
nant values in the culture. Much less significant is the ideal of com-
munity. Cooperative efforts to raise barns, dig irrigation canals, form
fire departments, establish government, celebrate holidays, and found
charities all provide evidence of the spirit of community. The spirit
in United States history, however, is inconsistent in quality and pur-
pose. Nonetheless, Robert V. Hine pursues this will-o'-the-wisp in the
development of the American frontier.
He looks at mountain men, cattle drovers, pioneers, miners, reli-
gious and ethnic groups, and even contemporary communes. Because
of the variety of time and circumstance there is a problem of definition
in the study. "It would seem that community in America is like a ship
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 85, July 1981 - April, 1982. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101208/. Accessed July 30, 2014.