events is sometimes lost in the multitude of interrelated incidents. In
addition, the attempted "blending" of Apache history and culture is
uneven. Although Haley often speculates upon Apache motivation, he
fails to consistently place Apache actions within the particular con-
text of their culture. Yet this failure is not unique. Indeed, most other
historians of the Native American experience have met with similar
In contrast, the book has some very positive features. Haley takes
great pains to present a fair and unbiased view of the confrontation
between the Apaches and the Americans. He illustrates that both sides
had their share of heroes and villains and that both Indians and whites
often misinterpreted each other's actions. His early chapters on Apache
culture offer an excellent overview of the subject, and his extensive
bibliography indicates his mastery of the numerous secondary sources.
Moreover, the volume is well illustrated with excellent maps and
Texas Christian University R. DAVID EDMUNDS
The Chisholm Trail: High Road of the Cattle Kingdom. By Don Wor-
cester. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, for the Amon
Carter Museum of Western Art, Fort Worth, 1981. Pp. xx+ 20o7.
Preface, introduction, photographs, notes, bibliography, index.
The Chisholm Trail, Don Worcester observes, symbolized all the
cow paths from Texas on which this nation's heroic Western epic was
staged: "For two decades trail bosses, cooks, and cowboys followed
Longhorns up the Chisholm Trail, unaware they were creating a 'leg-
endary West' that would outlive the open range and the cattle king-
dom" (p. xx).
Cow- and land-poor Texans extricated themselves from the ravages
of the Civil War by sending vaqueros into the brush country of South
Texas to round up longhorns so wild that some had to be necked to-
gether to tame them for the trail. Thus began the saga of both the
range-cattle and cattle-trailing industries. Farsighted entrepreneurs
such as Joseph G. McCoy and John T. Lytle serendipitously connected
four-dollar cows and forty-dollar markets, providing sustenance for
America's greatest adventure. Most of the participants were young,
and many were minorities (Negroes and Mexicans). There were wom-
en, both drovers and businesswomen, although Worcester mentions
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 86, July 1982 - April, 1983. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101209/. Accessed December 8, 2013.