Southwestern Historical Quarterly
unavailable in any other format except literature. In the twentieth cen-
tury, naive painters like Harold O. Kelly, Clara McDonald William-
son, and Fannie Lou Spelce have given shape to the memories of thou-
sands of Texans who long for the rural and small-town life they left
behind, and Frank Freed provides an independent and dissenting view
of life among the culturally endowed of Houston.
Some of the most wonderful work was produced by the woodcarvers
and whittlers, such as Emil Schumann's highly detailed and carefully
crafted Pyramide, a domed building with three tiers of floors that spin
when the hot air from lighted candles causes its propeller to turn.
Steinfeldt calls Pyramide "one of the finest pieces of folk art ever made
in the Lone Star State." It is no doubt true, and we are indebted to her
for the wonderful exhibition of a few years ago and this resulting book.
There are some small quibbles. One illustration (fig. 145) is appar-
ently sideways, while others are not credited, leading one to wonder if
the credit line was simply left off, or if the owner requested anonymity.
In addition, it seems that several of the pieces are inferior, obvious cop-
ies and should have been left out. But on the whole, this is a beautiful
book and a fresh look at Texas.
Amon Carter Museum of Western Art RoN TYLER
The Papers of Jefferson Davs, Vol. 3, July, r846-December, 1848. Ed-
ited by James T. McIntosh. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State Uni-
versity Press, 1981. Pp. xxxvi+509. Introduction, acknowledg-
ments, illustrations, chronology, appendixes, index. $15.)
Many a good deal in the history business, just as in the oil business
or any other, starts at a watering hole. One of the benevolent legends of
the Jefferson Davis Papers project is that it grew from a chance conver-
sation in such a place between Frank E. Vandiver and Bell I. Wiley. It
seems that both had lamented for years the inadequacies of the Dunbar
Rowland version of Davis's papers, presented decades earlier and re-
duced to only ten volumes. Much had been left out then, much more
had surfaced since, and, besides, some lamentable errors marred the
usefulness of Rowland's earlier publication.
Later advertisements for the project list Allan Nevins and not Wiley
as Vandiver's co-instigator of the project. Maybe so: Nevins started
nearly everything else in United States history, so why not this as well?
Vandiver's role, however, is undeniable. He persuaded William Marsh
Rice University to assume cosponsorship of the project with another
creation of his mind, the Jefferson Davis Association. Rice furnished
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 86, July 1982 - April, 1983. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101209/. Accessed July 10, 2014.