or journalists recorded them. Cardoso also discloses the depth of anti-
Mexican propaganda in this country, especially during the 1920os when
Congress held hearings on immigration restriction.
Cardoso, however, falls short in his analysis of the role that U.S.
churches played in American attitudes toward Mexico. I question the
author's assertion that churchmen "welcomed Mexicans with open
arms" (p. 124) in order to increase their membership. Some religious
leaders adhered to strict segregation policies, while others were clearly
racist when they called for a quota on Mexican migration.
In the latter chapters of the book, the author probes the complex
problems associated with Mexican immigration during the twenties,
a decade of racial intolerance throughout the United States. Rather
than declining after the Mexican Revolution came to a close, immigra-
tion from Mexico actually increased. Cardoso looks at the reasons be-
hind Mexico's exemption from the nativistic, restrictive, immigration-
quota laws. While nativists failed to curtail Mexican immigration in
the 192os, their vehement campaign against Mexicans contributed to
the deportation raids of the early 1930s, which ended the first great
wave of Mexican immigration to the United States.
This book is a useful contribution to the ongoing examination of
the early impact of Mexican migration. It also contains a helpful bibli-
ography of primary and secondary sources. For these reasons both spe-
cialists and laymen will find it a valuable resource.
University of Texas, Austin RICARDO ROMO
The Tejano Community, 1836-zgoo. By Arnoldo De Leon. (Albu-
querque: University of New Mexico Press, 1982. Pp. xix+ 277.
Preface, illustrations, tables, appendix, notes, bibliography, index.
The story of Texas Hispanics during the last half of the nineteenth
century is one of misconception. The traditional idea is that when the
United States was celebrating its centennial anniversary during the
Gilded Age, Mexican-Americans passively allowed the Yankee doodle
dandy to dance on them. Apologists then point out that the dance
ended in the twentieth century with the rise of Mexican-American, now
Arnoldo De Leon, armed with meticulous research and a poet's pen,
corrects both of the above notions in his study of the late nineteenth-
century Tejano community. He points out that nineteenth-century Te-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 86, July 1982 - April, 1983. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101209/. Accessed December 13, 2013.