nese defeat, and afterward earned a two-year assignment as chief of
Naval Operations. Nimitz briefly returned from retirement in 1949
when asked to supervise an election for the United Nations. In early
1950 Admiral Nimitz retired to California and succumbed in 1966
to complications from surgery.
If the author's objectives were to entertain and to enhance Nimitz's
reputation, they succeeded. Nimitz would be better served, however,
by eliminating some anecdotes and by including his invention of the
circular-fleet formation and refueling-at-sea techniques. Also, the
complete absence of maps hinders the reader.
Lamar University, Orange ROBERT H. PEEBLES
Sul Ross: Soldier, Statesman, Educator. By Judith Ann Benner. (Col-
lege Station, Tex.: Texas AcM University Press, 1983. Pp. xiv+
259. Acknowledgments, illustrations, bibliography, index. $19.50.)
This first full-scale biography of Lawrence Sullivan Ross explores
the life of a Texas leader whose career spanned the latter half of the
nineteenth century. In 1839 Ross moved with his parents to Texas,
where his father became a frontier defense captain and Indian agent.
Sul grew out of his combative youth while at Baylor University and
at Wesleyan University in Alabama in the 185os. His military reputa-
tion began during 1858, when he received a wound while guiding
friendly Indian scouts in a successful cavalry attack against Comanches
north of the Red River. Two years later, as captain of his second
ranger company, he defeated Comanches along the Pease River and
recovered long-time captive Cynthia Ann Parker. In 1861 Ross mar-
ried and won election as Confederate major of the Sixth Texas Cav-
alry, which first fought in the battle at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, in 1862.
He rose to colonel and led the regiment in action at Corinth, Missis-
sippi, and in several cavalry engagements during 1862 and 1863. Prior
to the exhausting campaigns around Atlanta and Nashville in 1864
he achieved the rank of brigadier general.
Following the war Ross farmed and bought additional property.
After Reconstruction he entered government as a successful McLen-
nan County sheriff and Democratic member of the Constitutional
Convention in 1875. He later served in the legislature, supporting re-
trenchment views. In 1886 he won election as governor on the basis
of his past leadership experience. In office he dealt with state lands,
prohibition, building a new state capitol, and law enforcement. Yet his
reluctance to expand government activities limited his efforts. The
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 88, July 1984 - April, 1985. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101210/. Accessed May 22, 2013.