The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 88, July 1984 - April, 1985

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

In an epilogue, Hinojosa presents an intriguing summary of the
history of Laredo from 1870 to the present. Clearly, this is a direction
for future study. An extension of his analysis to the rest of Laredo's
history, especially to the growth and intermingling of Laredo's Mexi-
can-American and Anglo-American societies, would be most welcome.
Cedar Valley College EDWARD N. GARCIA
The Warrior and the Priest: Woodrow Wilson and Theodore Roose-
velt. By John Milton Cooper, Jr. (Cambridge: Belknap Press of
Harvard University Press, 1983. Pp. xiv+442. Preface, illustra-
tions, notes, acknowledgments, index. $20.)
A dual biography of Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson is
such a natural subject that it is surprising that John Cooper is the
first to provide a serious detailed comparative study of these two pro-
gressive presidents. Drawing on his rich knowledge of the early twen-
tieth century, Cooper has achieved a graceful and provocative analysis
of the political and intellectual interaction of the two men. The nar-
rative climaxes with the presidential election of 1912, when the New
Nationalism confronted the New Freedom, but Cooper has many
interesting things to say on all aspects of their lives. This volume will
instruct and enlighten historians of Roosevelt and Wilson for many
years.
Like any important book, The Warrior and the Priest engages cen-
tral, controversial issues of the time, and some of its conclusions invite
disagreement or alternative judgments. A case in point is the election
of 1912 itself. Cooper does not appear to have used Thomas K. Mc-
Craw's 1981 essay on Louis D. Brandeis with its significant implica-
tions for how Brandeis's moralistic views on corporate regulation
should be evaluated as an influence on Wilson. More important,
Cooper downplays the amount of campaign time that Roosevelt and
Wilson devoted to the protective tariff in 1912. After digesting Cooper,
a reader may be surprised to see how often the two major candidates
in their speeches evoked the traditional tariff arguments of the Demo-
crats and, in Roosevelt's case, of his former Republican colleagues.
The net effect of Cooper's discussion is to lead the reader's attention
away from the real nature of the 1912 encounter.
Cooper joins the growing disillusion with Colonel Edward M.
House, a Texan once regarded as Wilson's "intimate friend" and now,
as Cooper sees it, his unconscious "stooge" (pp. 57, 243). House is justi-
fiably easy to denigrate. He was, as Arthur S. Link puts it, a frequent

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 88, July 1984 - April, 1985. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101210/. Accessed April 16, 2014.