The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 88, July 1984 - April, 1985

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

States declared war against Germany, had won the Navy Cross within
a year of being commissioned, and made the military establishment
his career until the very end of his life, the creative impulse always
reasserted itself in him. He wrote many books and hundreds of articles,
short stories, and reviews for the major magazines of the day; he was
a regular contributor to Scribner's Magazine, The Saturday Evening
Post, and National Geographic and served for a time as literary edi-
tor of The American Mercury. Turner describes this aspect of Thoma-
son's career in great detail, drawing extensively from his graphic,
often ascerbic, descriptions and making prolific use of quotations from
his letters and other writings.
Yet above all, during many campaigns and while on station, Thoma-
son was the artist, although never to the neglect of his men or the
responsibilities of command. Sometimes, in the heat of battle, he
sketched on gum wrappers or anything that would take a line, using-
if no pencil was handy-the burnt ends of matchsticks.
Indeed, Thomason's strikingly vivid use of line, a startling break
with the past, enabled a new generation of military artists to free
themselves from the stultifying conformity of a confining realism that
had hitherto been the norm in this field, a realism that had developed
when the war artist's role was to appeal to mass taste before the ad-
vent of modern photography. Thomason's style, then, reflects his
awareness of the distinct change that combat art would undergo, in an
environment where the photograph, and especially cinematic photog-
raphy, was to take over the role that the artist of the late nineteenth
century had enjoyed. In so doing he enabled this new school of com-
bat artists to express themselves in a more vibrant, more active, and
more emotionally expressive style, a style that deeply imbued the
major war art of World War II, the Korean conflict, and the Vietnam
War. Most of his surviving original drawings have been collected at
Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas.
New York, New York JOHN GROTH
Mutual Aid for Survival: The Case of the Mexican American. By JosE
Amaro Hernandez. (Malabar, Fla.: Robert E. Krieger Publishing
Company, 1983. Pp. ix+16o. Preface, acknowledgments, intro-
duction, bibliography, glossary, tables, index. $11.50.)
For almost a decade now various writers have noted the influence
of mutual aid societies (mutualistas) on the history of community and
labor organizing among Mexican-Americans. Apart from a few dis-

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 88, July 1984 - April, 1985. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101210/. Accessed April 1, 2015.