the then radical view that the indigenous cultures should be main-
tained. These views and his scholastic attitude inhibited his military ca-
reer, which in turn frustrated his academic endeavors.
Joseph C. Porter has done an admirable job of developing Bourke as
a person and explaining the growth of his studies and philosophy, as
well as their importance. This is done through the liberal use of quo-
tations from his writings and his correspondence with such leading
nineteenth-century figures as John Wesley Powell and Frank Hamilton
Cushing. This approach not only reports Bourke's work among the
Moqui (Hopi), Zuni, and Apache, but it allows the quality of this work
to be evaluated.
Extensive notes on the text and a thorough bibliography provide a
basis for further study of Bourke, a man of no small ability, and also
give direction to those whose endeavors relate directly to the Indians of
the Plains and the Southwest.
Thomas Gilcrease Museum THOMAS C. BRAYSHAW
The Red River-Twinzng Area: A New Mexico Mining Story. By Jim Berry
Pearson. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1986.
Pp. x+221. Foreword, maps, photographs, notes, glossary, bibli-
ography, index. $19.95, cloth; $10.95, paper.)
A mining adage says, "Silver runs in ledges and gold is where you
find it." One disgruntled prospector amended it to read, "Gold might
be where you find it, but it's where I ain't!" That, in a nutshell, tells the
tale of northern New Mexico's Red River-Twining area.
In few other places would one encounter so much excitement, fol-
lowed by so many failures; bust followed boom as rapidly as night fol-
lowed day. This area has been understandably overlooked by other
writers of western mining history because it has little of significance to
offer. The one lesson it does have to teach is the futility of mining this
district in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries.
Had optimism and promotion been enough to overcome low-grade
ore, pockety veins, and nearly unmillable "rebellious" ore, then miners
at Red River-Twining would have hit a bonanza. Rarely have the three
prerequisites for successful mining been so conspicuously absent: good
ore, investment money, and an up-to-date transportation system.
What this book does well is to underscore the interesting connection
between the mining of Colorado and that of northern New Mexico
and, to a lesser degree, Texas. The well-known mining men did not
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 91, July 1987 - April, 1988. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101211/. Accessed September 15, 2014.