The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 92, July 1988 - April, 1989

Book Reviews

the Talon brothers, eleven years after the events, confirms Minet's testi-
mony that La Salle was paranoid.
The scholarly apparatus, introductions and annotations, is of varying
quality. There are too many errors, many of which could have been
prevented by consulting the Dictionary of Canadian Biography, volumes 1
and 2. To list but a few: La Salle did not discover the Ohio River (p. 3);
the Hurons were not an Algonkin tribe (p. 33, n. 8); there is no evi-
dence to support the charge that the Jesuits "siphoned off much of the
Indian trade" (p. 34, n. 12); regarding Gabriel Minime or Barbier, the
name was Gabriel Barbier dit Minime, Minime being a nom de guerre
meaning "Tiny" (p. 20); we are told that King Charles I was defeated by
Cromwell and fled to Scotland in 1646 (p. 121, n. 67), but he did no
such thing; Jean Talon did not occupy "a prominent post in the French
cabinet" (p. 2 lo). The translation is workmanlike, but the word sauvage
should not be translated as "savage." The French word, unlike the En-
glish "savage," had no pejorative connotation; sauvage meant wild, free,
a deer as compared to a cow-hence fleurs sauvages.
Finally, it is agreeable to be able to state that the commentary by
Mardith K. Schuetz on the Talon interrogations exhibits scholarship of
an exceptionally high order. All ethnohistorians should ponder her
comments on pages 269-270o.
University of Toronto W.J. ECCLES
The Mapping of the American Southwest. Edited by Dennis Reinhartz and
Charles C. Colley. (College Station, Tex.: Texas A&M University
Press, 1987. Pp. xv+83. Preface, maps, color plates, notes, appen-
dix. $24-95.)
Until recent years, Texas scholars interested in the cartographic his-
tory of the Southwest were required to travel at least a thousand miles
to pursue their research. While the Barker Texas History Center and
the Benson Latin American Collection at the University of Texas at
Austin have long held important collections of maps and atlases, it was
not until the early 196os that the topic began to receive proper recogni-
tion in Texas with the collecting and writing activities ofJ. P. Bryan, Sr.,
a regent of the University of Texas and president of the Texas State
Historical Association.
A decade later, another former regent, Jenkins Garrett, and his wife,
Virginia, took the lead in founding the Cartographic History Library
at the University of Texas at Arlington as a companion to the Jenkins
Garrett Library, an outstanding research facility in Texas history that
they had earlier donated to the University.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 92, July 1988 - April, 1989. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101212/. Accessed October 2, 2014.