The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 92, July 1988 - April, 1989

Southwestern Historzcal Quarterly

monument near Americana, Brazil, are well chosen. Be forewarned,
however, that Griggs devotes about two-thirds of his book to the emi-
grants' backgrounds, negotiations with Brazilian officials, personal
motivations, and the emigration process. Griggs shows in detail how
McMullan's interest in Brazil germinated when, before the war, he
heard a legend about a Lake of Gold; how an extortion conspiracy al-
most prevented the colonists from departing; and how they fared after
being shipwrecked in Cuba. This leaves only residual pages, or para-
graphs, for more profound matters, such as what happened when the
exiles' Protestantism collided with Brazilian Catholicism, whether an
American capitalistic ethic conflicted with Brazilian culture, how the
colonists' racial preconceptions affected their experiment, how they ad-
justed to Latin American governmental forms, and the relationship of
Brazilian slavery to the project. Griggs's citation of how a McMullan
colonist helped introduce the moldboard plow hardly substantiates a
contention that McMullan's colonists brought changes of "incalculable
value" (p. 5) to Brazil. Griggs's book illuminates anew, however, the pa-
thos intrinsic to Confederate defeat and often provides unanticipated
dividends. For instance, students of postwar sectional attitudes might
consult Griggs's account of the exiles' detour in New York City and the
press debate about the emigration. Finally, The Elusive Eden, by provid-
ing rich biographical detail about some fascinating Texan families,
offers special rewards for the readers of this journal.
Purdue University ROBERT E. MAY
Cannery Women, Cannery Lives: Mexican Women, Unionization, and the Cali-
fornia Food Processzng Industry, 1930o-95o. By Vicki L. Ruiz. (Albu-
querque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987. Pp. xviii+ 194.
Acknowledgments, preface, photographs, appendices, notes, bibli-
ography, index. $22.50, cloth; $10.95, paper.)
Mexican and Mexican American women have been a major part of
the labor force throughout the Southwest. Cannery Women, Cannery
Lives by Vicki L. Ruiz focuses on the women workers in southern Cali-
fornia and the emergence of the United Cannery, Agricultural, Pack-
ing, and Allied Workers of America (UCAPAWA) in 1936. This study
addresses the networks that developed among the women working at
the canneries as well as their work and culture.
Historically, Mexican American and Mexican women have contrib-
uted to family income in many ways. In California these women, joined
by Russians, Armenians, Slavs, and eastern European Jews, experi-
enced intraethnic and interethnic relationships in the canneries. Ruiz

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 92, July 1988 - April, 1989. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101212/. Accessed December 29, 2014.