193os and 194os by urban entrepreneurs and big federal money, and
in the 1970s and 1980s by market entrepreneurs and big private
money. Urban entrepreneurs-heroes in Orum's story of growth-
dedicated themselves to building the community rather than their own
personal fortunes, whereas their successors, today's market entrepre-
neurs, simply want "a piece of the action" (p. xii).
Since mid-century another vision of Austin-a "dream of democ-
racy" (p. xii) in which "the people" shape the city's future and share in
its benefits-has challenged the dream of growth, according to Orum.
But its advocates-city council member Emma Long, black leaders, op-
ponents of unlimited growth-have run afoul of a pro-growth "Estab-
lishment" that knows how to win.
While illuminating many dark corners of Austin's recent past, Power,
Money and the People is a disappointing work in several respects. Factual
errors are numerous, reflecting in part Orum's thin grasp of Austin's
history prior to the 193os as well as plain carelessness. Fuller use of sec-
ondary literature might have helped remedy this failing, but Orum ig-
nores a number of pertinent studies that would have enriched his book,
like Robert Caro's discussion of Marshall Ford Dam and Michael Gil-
lette's work on Heman Sweatt.
The book has problems on the conceptual level, too. Take, for in-
stance, "the people." They play a crucial role in Orum's thinking about
Austin, but he never tells us with any precision who they are. In
the 1968 fight over the fair housing ordinance, he has "the people"
(p. 251) on one side and "the public" (p. 252) on the other. There are
also surprising omissions. Although Orum devotes extensive attention
to "the people," he says virtually nothing about Austin's Hispanic com-
munity. He sets out to explain the city's growth but does not discuss the
rapid expansion of the University of Texas and the state government,
two pillars of Austin's economy.
Readers will find this work informative and provocative, but they
may also find it less than satisfying.
Lyndon B. Johnson Library DAVID C. HUMPHREY
Hispanic Arizona, 1536-I856. By James E. Officer. (Tucson: University
of Arizona Press, 1987. Pp. xx+462. Prologue, illustrations, maps,
appendices, notes, bibliography, index. $45.)
In James E. Officer's new book, the University of Arizona Press pro-
vides state history enthusiasts and Borderlands scholars with an ency-
clopedic and exemplary work. Undaunted by the smallness of Arizona's
population during the Spanish and Mexican periods, the author exam-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 92, July 1988 - April, 1989. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101212/. Accessed April 21, 2015.