Hughes has overlooked. The only ones I know of are Richard Lorenz
(1858-1915) and Herman Carl Wall (1875-1915).
Unfortunately, the book frequently misspells proper names. On
page 437, for example, one finds an entry for an artist identified
as "Charlotte Spoteholtz" who is evidently the same person as the
"Charlotte Spalteholtz" listed in a separate entry on the preceding
page. The same sort of confusion arises in connection with Helma
Jahn-Heynsen, who appears in separate entries on page 210 and page
236. Hughes is particularly vulnerable when it comes to spelling for-
eign personal names and place names. In German names, for example,
he regularly treats umlauts by simply omitting them. He also seems
to have an unsure sense for geography, as when he confuses the Ger-
man principality of Baden with the municipality of this name outside
The book contains more than a few factual errors, such as the report
on page 517 that Carlo Wostry died in Los Angeles in 1930. (In actual
fact, he died in Trieste in 1943.) Similar inaccuracies involving the date
or place of birth or death can be found in the information provided on
Alexander Mueller, Herman Herzog, Karl E. Neuhaus, Irma Engel-
Leisinger, and John Fery. No doubt there are other mistakes of this
type that I didn't happen to notice.
In summary, this is a book that is useful and interesting but that must
be used with extreme caution. In spite of its shortcomings, however,
Artists in Californza convincingly demonstrates the desirability and use-
fulness of regional studies based on in-depth archival research. It is to
be hoped that similar compilations will eventually be undertaken for
other parts of the United States.
Florida Atlantic University PETER C. MERRILL
Tzme to Write: How William Szdney Porter Became O. Henry. By Trueman E.
O'Quinn and Jenny Lind Porter. (Austin: Eakin Press, 1986.
Pp. x+2o7. Acknowledgments, illustrations, index. $14.95.)
As the Trueman E. O'Quinn essay explains, Time to Write originates
from Walter Prescott Webb's observation that "Will Porter, while work-
ing as drug clerk, bookkeeper, draftsman, bank teller, and newspaper
writer, produced only two or three short stories of merit, but that
during the three years and three months Porter worked in prison at
Columbus, Ohio, as pharmacist at first and after as bookkeeper, he
produced a dozen or more short stories." Judge O'Quinn remembers,
"Dr. Webb turned toward me and said ... , 'Those twelve stories
should be gathered into an anthology entitled Time to Write, for it was
the first time Porter had actually had time to write."'
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/. Accessed June 19, 2013.