The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990

Book Revzews

I'm not sure any of us agree on a definition of "ethnohistory," but if this
is what it is-an expertly marshaled blend of the best information and
techniques offered by both history and anthropology-then let's have
more of it.
These slim, rich works, the seventy-ninth and eighty-first volumes of
the University of Texas at El Paso's Southwestern Studies Series, emerge
as a fine pair of monographs deserving places near the top of the "must
acquire" list of all serious students of Apache history and lore.
Paul Dyck Foundatzon RONALD MCCOY
Research Institution of American Indian Culture
Rimrock, Arizona
Anglos and Mexicans an the Making of Texas, 1836-1986. By David
Montejano. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1987. Pp. xii+383.
Acknowledgments, introduction, maps, illustrations, tables, ap-
pendix, notes, bibliography, index. $29.95, cloth; $12.95, paper.)
David Montejano's Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas is an am-
bitious book, and to do justice to it requires evaluating its multiple ob-
jectives. Viewed within the context of Texas historiography, it will have
great impact and may become a classic. Its contribution to our under-
standing of the experience of the Mexican-origin people of the United
States, while substantial, is less significant. As a theoretical statement
explaining Anglo-Mexican relations in Texas, it is at best incomplete.
Montejano's study is the most comprehensive and insightful history
of Anglo-Mexican relations in Texas yet written. Thus, more than any
study since Americo Paredes's classic With Hzs Pistol in His Hand (1958),
Anglos and Mexicans will challenge the legacy of J. Frank Dobie and
other Anglo Texas historians that has legitimized the canonization of
individuals such as Richard King and institutions such as the Texas
Rangers at the expense of Texas Mexicans. Montejano's work-espe-
cially regarding the 1836-1940 period-combined with that of Paredes
and other scholars, such as Rodolfo Acufia, Arnoldo De Le6n, and
Douglas Foley, will require future Texas historians to abandon the
sanctified versions of history on which Texans continue to be nursed.
Anglos and Mexicans is also an important addition to the developing
but already strong literature on Mexican Americans. Its most impor-
tant contribution is its documentation of the class structure in South
Texas through the 1920os and its analysis of the role that class and prop-
erty played in how and to what extent Anglos subjugated the Mexican
population. Montejano shows clearly that Texas Mexicans were vic-
timized perhaps as much by the insidious legalistic maneuverings often
associated with Anglo-Mexican relations in California and New Mexico
as they were by the violence for which the state is infamous.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/. Accessed September 20, 2014.