The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Cause" mentality left little room for a Longstreet who held office with
the Radicals, lashed out clumsily at martyred heroes, and suffered
at the hands of romantic novelists. In an exhaustive investigation of
Longstreet historiography, Piston demonstrates that the self-serving
perspective of his early detractors has had an enormous influence on
later writings.
Although Piston concedes that "cultural roles cannot be overturned
by scholarship" (p. 188), Lee's Tarnished Lieutenant offers a well-
organized, articulate, and persuasive rationale for the general's endur-
ing unpopularity. Piston's thesis remains plausible, ironically, despite
his failure to demonstrate Longstreet's innocence at Gettysburg.
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvanza A. WILSON GREENE
National Military Park
Soldiers West: Biographies from the Mzlitary Frontier. Edited by Paul An-
drew Hutton. Introduction by Robert M. Utley. (Lincoln: Univer-
sity of Nebraska Press, 1987. Pp. xiii+276. Preface, introduction,
illustrations, maps, notes, index. $19.95, cloth; $9.95, paper.)
In emphasizing the diversity of the military experience in the Ameri-
can West, Soldiers West exemplifies recent trends in scholarship con-
cerning the United States Army. Ably edited by Paul Andrew Hutton,
this anthology includes fourteen biographies of western officers con-
tributed by a number of prominent historians. Rounding out the vol-
ume is a thoughtful essay by Robert M. Utley, originally published (in a
slightly different form) in an often ignored compendium of the Air
Force Academy's Seventh Military History Symposium. The present
anthology, with an admitted preference toward the post-Civil War
years, seeks "to investigate the nature of the military role in the trans-
Mississippi West by exploring the lives of key military figures" (p. vii).
The army was not limited to strictly military functions; it also con-
tributed services vital to territorial expansion and intellectual de-
velopment. Thus, the book includes essays by Jerome O. Steffen on
diplomat-governor William Clark, Roger L. Nichols on explorer and
engineer Stephen H. Long, Joseph C. Porter on scientist John G.
Bourke, and Paul L. Hedren on author Charles King.
Of course, the army also fought Indians. Again, however, differ-
ences in style, personality, and professional growth are emphasized.
Paul A. Hutton sees Philip H. Sheridan as a champion of American
expansionism who had little regard for his Indian foes. Marvin E.
Kroeker describes William B. Hazen as opinionated, controversial,
principled, talented, and, above all, exasperating. In his piece on George
Crook, Jerome A. Greene finds his subject to have been an outspoken

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/. Accessed August 27, 2014.