Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Much of Gracy's book details the complicated lead mining ventures
and business associations of Austin in Virginia and in Spanish Louisi-
ana. In the latter locale he developed the mining towns of Mine a
Breton (Potosi) and Herculaneum in present-day southeastern Mis-
souri. But in both Virginia and Missouri his aggressive and at times im-
prudent business practices eventually mired him in financial quicksand.
For Texas historians, Gracy's major contribution is to document,
through an examination of Austin's business career, the logic of his
plan to settle Anglos in Texas. Moses had experience in recruiting colo-
nists, in moving a colony across the country (from Virginia to Mis-
souri), and in dealing with Spanish officials in Louisiana. Texas was his
last hope to move again, reverse his failures, and amass a new fortune.
Death denied him that final opportunity for success. His vision for
Texas and the accomplishments of his Virginia-born son were nonethe-
less enduring legacies.
Gracy's finely crafted biography will find a place among Texana de-
voted to the final years of Spanish Texas. It is also recommended read-
ing for its treatment of the lead mining industry in the United States.
University of North Texas DONALD CHIPMAN
Lady Bird Johnson and the Environment. By Lewis L. Gould. (Lawrence:
University of Kansas Press, 1988. Pp. xv+312. Preface, introduc-
tion, photographs, notes, bibliographical essay, index. $29.95.)
Lewis Gould, professor of history at the University of Texas at Aus-
tin, has skillfully interwoven strands of environmental history, women's
history, and the politics of the Johnson administration. His study il-
luminates the beginnings of a significant shift in Americans' concerns
about the spaces they inhabit; the opportunities and problems con-
fronted by First Ladies striving to define appropriate and satisfying
roles; and the assumptions and priorities of Lyndon Johnson's Great
Society. Each of these themes is set in a rich historical context reaching
back to the early twentieth century.
In defining her activities as presidential wife, Lady Bird Johnson
created a more active public role than any previous First Lady except
Eleanor Roosevelt. While encouraging the president to make environ-
mental issues an element of the Great Society, Johnson focused her at-
tention on two major projects. Early in 1965, she created the First
Lady's Committee for a More Beautiful Capital and led its efforts to
beautify not only the Washington inhabited by civil servants and tour-
ists, but also the ghetto area of the district. The national scope of Mrs.
Johnson's concern for the environment was reflected in the Highway
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/. Accessed December 20, 2014.