Southwestern Historzcal Quarterly
Oaxacans remained in the national capital of Mexico City in a position
to keep Juirez's image before the public. Weeks then focuses directly
on the centennial celebration of Juirez's birth in 1906, which he claims
raised the homage paid to the former president to the status of a cult.
Indeed, this was the period when many of the enormous number of
statues and busts of Juirez that have proliferated around the country
were put in place, and streets, parks, and other public places were re-
named in his honor. An interesting passage describes a dinner for ten
thousand of Mexico City's poor, which was also attended by both Fdlix
Diaz, Don Porfirio's nephew, and Benito Juirez's son, though of course
they were seated in a restricted section. The link between the two presi-
dents and their alleged concern for the needy was made clear.
Another interesting chapter, "Mexican Painters and Juirez," de-
scribes the use of Ju~rez as a symbol by the Mexican muralists, who, in
their works commissioned by the government, depicted the breadth of
Mexican history and related Juirez's qualities and achievements to
those of the Mexican Revolution between 1910o and 1920. The text is
aided here by a few carefully chosen illustrations.
Unfortunately, much of the remainder of the book is less coherent
than the passages described above, as Weeks tries to cover a great deal
of ground in a relatively short space. As there is so much to be done, his
account at times becomes fragmentary, and it is not always clear why he
has chosen to describe one account or event and not another. Still, this
volume is a capable view of how the memory of a distinguished figure
was used by the political leaders who followed him in office.
University of New Mexico LINDA B. HALL
Troublesome Border. By Oscar J. Martinez. (Tucson: University of Ari-
zona Press, 1988. Pp. xii+ 177. Preface, introduction, maps, tables,
afterword, notes, bibliography, index. $22.95.)
Troublesome Border presents a survey of the conflicts affecting the
United States-Mexican border area. It is not a chronological history of
the region, but rather a topical review of the salient issues for inter-
national diplomacy and the local politics and economics. "Conflict is the
unifying theme" (p. xi), though the author makes clear that calm often
prevailed in spite of the prevalent strife. Martinez concludes that peace
prevails because of regional commitment on both sides of the border to
manage conflict effectively.
The book is organized into six chapters that include ten maps. Chap-
ter i introduces the origin of border conflict in the seventeenth century
and quickly moves to the nineteenth century disputes between the U.S.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/. Accessed July 22, 2014.