and Mexico that culminated in the Mexican-American War in 1846.
The normal difficulties resulting from the war were exacerbated by the
problems of using the shifting Rio Grande as the boundary. The legacy
of this experience is discussed in the remaining chapters.
Chapter 2 outlines the heritage of violence the border region experi-
enced even after the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was concluded. Un-
official incursions of the border proliferated during the late nineteenth
and early twentieth centuries. These filibustering forays caused de-
struction in border communities and strained diplomatic relations.
Chapters 3, 4, and 5 discuss the plight of various groups, including In-
dians, Chicanos, Nortenos, and Fronterizas, confronted with border in-
stability and tension. Chapter 6 highlights contemporary border issues,
particularly environmental concerns, international migration, and
Martinez has written a useful book that is thoughtfully conceived and
well organized. Troublesome Border is balanced in its presentation of U.S.
and Mexican diplomatic perspectives, but more importantly it offers
significant insight into the conditions under which border communities
survive and flourish.
Martinez demonstrates an understanding of the internal and exter-
nal dilemmas the people of the border region face and the different
backgrounds and perspectives they bring to the arena. The inclusion
by Martinez of Indian relations adds significantly to the reader's under-
standing of the complexity of the region. His reference to the concept
of "overlapping territoriality," suggested by Ellwyn Stoddard, largely
explains the workings of the region and the interchange among people.
Troublesome Border is well researched, though secondary sources pre-
dominate in the early chapters. The maps are well designed and im-
mensely useful for the boundary discussion. Tables are less clear. Table
1.1 defines conflict levels for the border, but the narrative does not ex-
plain the methodology used to determine these levels. Table 3.1 pre-
sents Indian population data, but its particular design necessitated the
inclusion of meaningless percentages in many categories. Despite these
problems, individuals interested in the border region will find this book
a welcome addition to the literature.
Universzty of Arkansas at Little Rock DEBORAH BALDWIN
No Separate Refuge: Culture, Class, and Gender on an Anglo-Hispanic Fron-
tier, 188o-1940. By Sarah Deutsch. (New York: Oxford University
Press, 1987. Pp. vii+356. Acknowledgments, introduction, map,
conclusion, notes, bibliography, index. $34.50.)
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 93, July 1989 - April, 1990. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101213/. Accessed February 6, 2016.