Time frames vary. The chapters on origins and hunting range from
distant prehistory to the present; those on language and modern tribal
affairs date to the twentieth century; the others are primarily from the
nineteenth century onward. Neither author claims that modern Cad-
dos have specific traditions about discontinued practices from two or
more centuries back. But many Caddo attitudes go back that far, and
the authors explain these exceedingly well.
It is clear from the book that many Caddos today are confused about
living in "two worlds" and often opt entirely for the "white" one. Read-
ing between the lines, I sense that Newkumet, at least, really intended
the book for them. Here in a short, vividly told form is her vision of
how the two worlds can and should go together, so her people can live
successfully among non-Indians while preserving the maximum of
their Indian heritage. As such, the book is a fascinating document: a
late twentieth-century educated Caddo's view of where her people have
come from and what she hopes they-and others-will learn from it.
Old Dominion University HELEN C. ROUNTREE
Centaur of the North: Franczsco Villa, the Mexican Revolution, and Northern
Mexico. By Manuel A. Machado, Jr. (Austin: Eakin Press, 1988.
Pp. xviii+ 211. Foreword, preface, acknowledgments, introduction,
illustrations, bibliography, index. $17.95.)
The literature on Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa is vast, rang-
ing from scholarly interpretations to novels, drama, and poetry. It in-
cludes such titles as Tom Mix and Pancho Villa and the children's book
Paco and the Lion of the North: General Pancho Villa Teaches a Boy about Life
and Death dunng the Mexican Revolution. The last decade alone has seen
the publication of more than twenty new works on the life of Villa.
Thus it certainly takes cojones (a favorite term of Dr. Machado's, and
a quality he attributes to Villa) to undertake yet another study of the
"Centaur of the North." Still, such efforts are to be welcomed, as Villa
remains one of the most elusive protagonists of the revolution.
Dr. Machado proposes to analyze the impact of Villa's charismatic
and individualistic personality on the course of Mexican history. His
sources include archival collections in Mexico and the United States (es-
pecially U.S. State Department records) as well as secondary material.
But as the book contains no footnotes, it is rather difficult to recon-
struct his use of the sources, though it would seem that at times he re-
lies heavily on diplomatic records and Villa's Memorias.
Machado takes a somewhat old-fashioned, Carlylesian view of history
and defines the revolution as a heroic clash of titans: "Vibrancy and
sheer human dynamism expressed through personality became the
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/. Accessed July 4, 2015.