The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991

Southwestern HIistorzcal Quarterly

and power, European and early American governments had less diffi-
culty with the concept that kinship societies could exercise sovereignty
and posses aboriginal title.
Worse, Woods informs us that "the Comanche generally knew no
limitations to their primitive lusts except that of their physical stamina"
(p. 16). Such statements were not uncommon in the racist literature of
the nineteenth century. Since then, however, anthropologists and eth-
nohistorians have better informed us about the complex inner work-
ings, and the numerous "restraints," that characterized Native Ameri-
can societies. That the editors of a major publishing house should let
such a statement slip into print in 1989 is inexcusable.
Unwersity of Wyomzng COLIN G. CALLOWAY
A Long March: The Lives of Frank and Alice Baldwin. By Robert H. Stein-
bach. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1989. Pp. xx+223. Pref-
ace, prologue, illustrations, maps, notes, bibliography, index.
Frank Baldwin, one of the few American soldiers to be awarded the
Medal of Honor twice, began his military career as a volunteer soldier
in the American Civil War. After the war, he applied for and received a
commission in the Infantry and was assigned to the Kansas frontier in
1866. He married Alice Blackwood in January 1867, and began his
"long march" with her through his military career. Their parallel lives
are the theme of this book, which draws extensively on the Baldwins'
diaries and letters and family papers.
Baldwin's military service in Kansas and New Mexico was routine un-
til 1874, when Nelson A. Miles, one of the army's ablest Indian fighters,
selected him to be his "Chief of Scouts" in a planned campaign against
the Southern Plains Indians (Comanches, Kiowas, and Southern Chey-
ennes) in what would come to be known as the Red River War of
1874-1875, a multi-pronged and, for that time, enormous military
operation designed to force the hostiles once and for all onto reserva-
tions in the Indian Territory. Baldwin first rose to prominence in this
campaign, seeing much service and hard fighting in the Texas Panhan-
dle. The author's excellent chapter on Baldwin's service in the Red
River War ably details the role Miles played in this important aspect of
Texas history.
Baldwin later saw much service against the Sioux, Northern Chey-
enne, and Nez Perce tribes. He last saw service in the Philippine Insur-
rection before retiring as a brigadier-general in 19o6.
For her part, Alice Blackwood Baldwin endured the privations of
military service on the western frontier-primitive quarters, isolation,


Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed May 31, 2016.

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