long separations, sickness, and loneliness--more or less with general
equanimity. A somewhat unconventional woman, she strove to estab-
lish an existence as more than a mere ornament and helpmate to her
husband, though the restrictions of army life meant that her personal
dreams went mostly unfulfilled. After Frank Baldwin's death, she wrote
her personal memoirs, published in much-modified form as The Mem-
ozrs of the Late Frank D. Baldwin, Mayor General, U.S.A.
In writing this dual biography, the author has mastered a great deal
of primary source material relating to the Baldwins and to Frank D.
Baldwin's military career. It is a well-written book that combines first-
rate military history of the Indian Wars with illuminating social history.
The Baldwins had a fascinating life together, and this book is a fas-
cinating look at it.
Tulsa, Oklahoma ROBERT D. NORRIS, JR.
No Woman Tenderfoot: Florence Merriam Bailey, Pzoneer Naturalist. By Har-
riet Kofalk. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1989.
Pp. 225. Bibliography, photographs.)
Florence Merriam Bailey was "one of the most important women na-
ture writers of the nineteenth century" (p. xv). She was also one of the
first women ornithologists and, in 1929, the American Ornithologist's
Union (AOU) elected her their first woman Fellow. Additionally, Flor-
ence authored three books, publishing her first in 1889 at the age of
twenty-six, and the latter two-Handbook of Bzrds of the Western United
States (1902) and Birds of New Mexico (1928)-were highly praised by
major ornithologists. Moreover, Birds of New Mexico earned Florence
the coveted Brewster Medal, a biennial award for the most important
book on birds of the western hemisphere; she was the first woman to
receive this award.
Primarily utilizing Bailey's own writings, Harriet Kofalk has woven a
credible chronicle of' Florence's life as an ornithologist. However, the
author's focus upon the professional side of Florence Bailey (including
extensive quotations from her writings) and the development of orni-
thology as a science tends to limit the reading audience. And while the
originality of the subject contributes to the body of literature in wom-
en's history, the author does not address the question of gender and its
influence on Florence's life. Without this analysis, it is difficult to achieve
a complete image of Florence Merriam Bailey, especially as a woman in
the almost exclusively male profession of ornithology.
In addition, contradictory statements relating to the broader issue of'
women's roles during this time period further indicate the necessity of'
an analysis of Florence Bailey within a national context. These admis-
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/. Accessed December 27, 2014.