Powerful people and institutions (highlighted in the photographs,
appendices, and bibliography) supported the hospital in critical times
as it grew with the city from humble beginnings. The dreams and plans
of eminent Houstonians clicked into place at a site on Houston's out-
skirts called the Texas Medical Center, Inc., after the move of Baylor
University College of Medicine from Dallas to Houston in 1943. Of
particular note is Michael Ellis DeBakey, M.D., who invested so much
time and energy into building a strong Baylor connection as funda-
mental to the long-term success of the medical school and its partner,
The Methodist Hospital.
Traditionally, medicine creates personnel when needed for special-
ized, carefully delegated tasks. The best administrators were found for
the hospital because of needs and opportunities for managing town-
and-gown issues, as well as interinstitutional ones at local, state, re-
gional, national, and international levels. As the chief administrator of
twenty-nine years, Ted Bowen kept "all parties talking until they ar-
rived at compromises on their differences" (p. 175). After his retire-
ment in 1982 Larry Mathis became the new wave's management team
leader because of "a penchant for identifying and solving management
problems" (p. 198).
Today a large quantity of records depicting the development of
medical institutions in Texas by various empire builders challenges
Texas historians. In contrast this book is based mostly on house docu-
ments, "the archival and historical files of The Methodist Hospital"
(p. 223). How refreshing to have this book's positive focus on what is
right about medicine in Texas. How fitting that the Methodist Hospital,
Houston, is within sight of and connects programmatically with Rice
University, the Astrodome, San Jacinto, and the Johnson Space Center
as essential links between this city and a hard-won heritage of freedom
Louisiana State Archives JAMES POLK MORRIS
Cattlemen vs. Sheepmen: Five Decades of Violence in the West, i88o-1920.
By Bill O'Neal. (Austin: Eakin Press, 1989. Pp. xi+212. Preface,
acknowledgments, maps, photographs, endnotes, bibliography, in-
In the settling of the West, during the five decades from the 1870s to
the 1920os, one of the recurrent themes that has colored the imagina-
tions of historians, Hollywood screenwriters, and others has been the
struggle over land. It was a struggle between farmers and ranchers and
between sheep ranchers and cattle ranchers over a prime economic re-
source; it was also a struggle governed by survival of the fittest, with all
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 94, July 1990 - April, 1991. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101214/. Accessed March 28, 2015.