The state of Texas, along with the whole of the Trans-Mississippi Confederacy,
stakes a surprisingly robust claim in the encyclopedia's pages, thanks largely to a
flurry of first-rate scholarship over the last decade and a half. Along with out-
standing entries by Anne J. Bailey on the Trans-Mississippi Department and by
Alwyn Barr on Texas, a host of Texas topics (including the cities of Austin,
Brownsville, and Galveston; military clashes at Brownsville, Galveston, and
Sabine Pass; special subjects such as Hood's Texas Brigade; and unique events
such as 'Juneteenth") receive thorough treatment in separate entries. In addi-
tion, full biographical sketches of Texas figures, including politicians, officers,
women, and African Americans, are complemented by no fewer than fifty-two ci-
tations to related entries under the heading "Texas" in the index.
For a work so huge and complex, however, absolute perfection is probably too
much to ask. Although cross-references to related entries are included, there are
no cross-references highlighting names and subjects within entries. Despite a
handsome format comprising large pages and pleasing text in double columns
with wide margins, many users will wonder why four large, rather unwieldy vol-
umes could not have been reduced to two smaller, thicker, more manageable
ones. Why waste paper by leaving so much blank space? Likewise, a few entries
seem unnecessary. The Missouri Compromise, the Wilmot Proviso, the Compro-
mise of 1850, the Kansas-Nebraska Act, "Bleeding Kansas," and the caning of
Charles Sumner are antebellum events that could have been easily absorbed into
the entries on "Expansionism in the Antebellum South" and "Civil War: Causes
of the War." In other words, although this encyclopedia will prove to be wildly
successful, a more efficient format would have resulted in a work just as hand-
some, but more convenient and less expensive.
LBJLibrary T. MICHAEL PARRISH
The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on Arkansas. By Carl H. Moneyhon.
(Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994. Pp. xiv+288. Ac-
knowledgments, abbreviations, introduction, conclusion, index. ISBN o-
In this carefully written volume, Carl H. Moneyhon, professor of history at the
University of Arkansas at Little Rock, describes the people, events, and institu-
tions associated with Arkansas in the third quarter of the nineteenth century.
Utilizing census data, official records and reports, and manuscript materials,
Moneyhon examines Arkansas's role in one of the most turbulent periods in na-
The first third of the book is devoted to an analysis of the socioeconomic con-
ditions in Arkansas during the pre-Civil War decade. Like her sister states in the
Southwest, Arkansas enjoyed an economic boom in the 1850s that saw an expan-
sion of the plantation system, an increase in cotton production, and greater re-
liance upon slave labor. Although there was little class friction in the late
antebellum period and the political process was essentially democratic, real pow-
er rested in the hands of an agrarian and commercial elite.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 98, July 1994 - April, 1995. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101216/. Accessed March 14, 2014.