The author provides a solid if brief introduction to the history of photography
and photographic technology in nineteenth-century Texas. But his purpose is
less to interpret the data than simply to present them. The real value of this
work will be in the material it provides to others engaged in a broad range of his-
torical endeavors. We learn, for example, that the first photographer to practice
in Texas was a woman, a Mrs. Davis, who made daguerreotypes in Houston in
late 1843. And the first documented black woman photographer was Mary War-
ren, who worked as a photographic printer in Houston in 1866.
Describing his sources and the scope of his research, Haynes acknowledges
that this directory is not complete. He did not comb all Texas newspapers for in-
formation, and he did not include the data he culled from the imprints on pho-
tographic cards and mounts. But the author and publisher are to be
commended for going ahead and publishing the directory in its present state. It
is immensely useful as is, and if it spurs others to begin compiling additional
names and submitting them to the author it will have been especially successful.
Perhaps in another ten years it will be possible to issue a revised edition with
even more information.
Amherst College MARTHA A. SANDWEISS
Architecture in Texas, 1895-1945. By Jay C. Henry. (Austin: University of Texas
Press, 1993. Pp. viii+210. Preface and acknowledgments, notes, bibliogra-
phy, index. ISBN 0-29273-072-1. $49-95.)
The half-century between 1895 and 1945-roughly from the time of the
World's Columbian Exposition to the end of World War II-marked a turning
point for architecture in Texas, as it did for architecture throughout the nation.
The period saw not only the transition from late-Victorian eclecticism to full-
blown modernism, but also the introduction of modern construction methods
and the beginnings of present-day architectural practice. Prior to the mid-189os
a handful of professional architects were active in the state; the 1890 Texas State
Gazetteer, for example, listed only seventy names, including building superinten-
dents. By the end of World War II, however, the number of architects in Dallas
alone exceeded that total, and the shape and character of architectural practice
in the state changed profoundly, as large architecture firms, often more closely
resembling corporations than the artists' ateliers of the nineteenth century, were
beginning to dominate the field.
Until now, however, there has been no comprehensive study of this pivotal era
in the state's architectural history, a deficiency that Jay Henry has sought to ad-
dress with his new book. Written in an accessible style, Henry's work places
Texas architecture in the wider context of American architectural history by
tracing the development of building in the state from late Victorian styles, and
the rise of neoclassicism, to the advent of the International Style.
Henry has gone to impressive lengths to tour the state and collect material,
much of it previously unpublished. His work provides a welter of new facts, both
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 98, July 1994 - April, 1995. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101216/. Accessed May 4, 2015.