Southwestern Historical Quarterly
from the Pueblo to the Caddo worlds before succumbing to the Apache on-
slaught at the turn of the eighteenth century. Documented exploits of their
amazing leader, Juan Sabeata, intrigue investigators to this day; hence this
book's dedication "to the spirit of Juan Sabeata."
Some of the nomadic Jumanos were reported to be sojourners at the "Pueblo
de los Xumanas," an association suggesting interdependence of complementary
sedentary and nomadic economies. But the historical record manifests no link-
age between these two Jumano peoples and the third element of the puzzle: the
Caddoan-speaking Wichita village peoples who farmed along streams near the
eastern bounds of the plains, first in the Arkansas River and then in the Red Riv-
er basins, and who were consistently labeled Jumanos in New Mexican docu-
ments until contacts lapsed in the nineteenth century. In the 1940s, historian
France Scholes identified "Jumano" as a Tewa term for tattooed persons, which
the Wichitas certainly were and the nomadic Jumanos may well have been. Per-
haps a mere coincidence of descriptive nomenclature-not unusual in early re-
ports of indigenes-spawned the Jumano puzzle.
Rejecting that simple solution, Nancy Hickerson boldly conjectures that all of
the reported Jumanos were actually Tanoan speakers, and thus linguistic kin to
the Kiowas in whose language she has specialized. Her dedicated search for sup-
porting evidence is detailed in this book, which, unfortunately for her purpose,
offers more basis for skepticism than concurrence. Flawed assumptions regard-
ing migration patterns and intertribal relationships in the pertinent arena will
dismay readers familiar with the historical record. Still, however quixotic her
quest, linguist Hickerson deserves points for bravery and tenacity, true to the
spirit of Juan Sabeata.
Austin ELIZABETH A. H. JOHN
The Fightin' Texas Aggie Band. By Donald B. Powell and Mary Jo Powell. (College
Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1994. Pp. xiii+157. Acknowledgments,
introduction, notes, appendixes. ISBN 0-89096-595-1. $29.95.)
With thirteen cadets and $1oo donated to the cause, Joseph Holick, the cam-
pus cobbler and bugler, organized the first Texas Aggie band in 1894. Celebrat-
ing its centennial, Donald and MaryJo Powell tell the story of the organization,
its music, precision and traditions. The book, dedicated to "the members of the
Fightin' Texas Aggie Band-past, present and future," is published as one in the
Centennial Series of the Former Students of Texas A&M University.
Illustrated with eight pages of color photographs and 121 black-and-white pic-
tures, this history not only pays tribute to bandmasters and musicians who have
made the organization, but it assists an outsider in understanding the source of
the spirit of Aggieland that helps build community on a large campus. Fish
bands, Aggie songs, senior boots, band lyres, corps trips, parades, bonfires, drum
major selections, and other revered traditions fill the pages.
After the tenuous early years, four capable directors, each called "the
Colonel"-Richard J. Dunn, E. V. Adams, Joe T. Haney, and Ray E. Toler-led
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 98, July 1994 - April, 1995. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101216/. Accessed August 31, 2015.