The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 99, July 1995 - April, 1996

122 Southwestern Historical Quarterly July
flying squadron which predated the Texas Rangers. Further examples of the
Tejano legacy include homestead and other land laws, cattlemen's associations,
principles of educational funding, and town planning. Yet, the return for cultur-
al adaptation and contribution was often a bitter harvest. Tijerina views the
Texas Revolution and independence as a turning point in deteriorating Anglo-
Tejano relations and concludes that the greater the geographic distance from
Anglo influences the better Tejanos fared. Thus, the Rio Grande valley areas-
historically outside the governance of Coahuila and Texas-became more hos-
pitable for Texas Mexicans than even the traditional centers of Bexar and
Goliad, much less Nacogdoches. Though some readers may wish for more on
the social side of Tejano history, all should appreciate Tijerina's direct, indepen-
dent voice and freedom from special pleading.
McMurry University PAUL D. LACK
Mexican Americans and the Catholic Church, z9oo-1965. By Jay P. Dolan and
Gilberto M. Hinojosa. (Notre Dame, Ind.: Notre Dame Press, 1994. Pp.
vii+38o. Acknowledgments, introduction, notes, index. ISBN o-26801-409-
4. $29.95.)
Mexican Americans and the Catholzc Church, z9oo-z965 is the first of three vol-
umes to emerge from the Cushwa Center for the Study of American
Catholicism's Notre Dame History of Hispanic Catholics in the U.S., initiated at
the Cushwa Center in 1989. The second volume in the series treated Puerto
Rican and Cuban Catholics in the U.S., while the third investigates Hispanic
Catholic culture in the United States.
It is the first of these volumes which is the focus of this review, especially that
section covering the Hispanic Catholics of Texas. Mexican Americans and the
Catholic Church, z9oo-1965 is divided into three sections. Gilberto M. Hinojosa,
a historian at Incarnate Word College in San Antonio, covers Texas and the
Southwest; Jeffrey M. Burns, archivist for the Archdiocese of San Francisco, han-
dles California; and David A. Badillo, a historian at the University of Illinois at
Chicago, treats the Midwest.
Hinojosa divides his section, which covers some 115 pages, into a prologue
and three subdivisions: "Antecedents to the Twentieth Century"; "The
Immigrant Church, 1910-1940"; and "The Mexican-American Church,
1930-1965." A brief concluding essay is appended. Of the three historical peri-
ods covered, the latter two subdivisions are more credible from a scholarly per-
spective than the first.
The most valuable aspect of the "Immigrant Church" and "Mexican-American
Church" portions of Hinojosa's study is his repeated reminder of the Catholic
Church's ever-increasing need to pay more attention to twentieth-century
Hispanic Catholics. He cites numerous examples of the growth of the Mexican
American and Hispanic populations in Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and
Colorado, frequently supporting his demographic analysis with charts. Correctly
arguing that the vast majority of these Hispanics were or are Catholics, Hinojosa

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 99, July 1995 - April, 1996. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101217/. Accessed October 1, 2014.