of artificial, commodified wonder. He concludes his essay, however, with a para-
dox. Which is it? That "we see landscape as we have been trained or conditioned
to see it"? Or that "Southwest landscape images have in turn been shaped by
Anglo-American appropriators of [existing?] Southwestern art, architecture and
topography" (i.e., Anglo-Americans were influenced by the Southwestern land-
scapes, buildings, etc.)?
In another essay, Oakah Jones takes us on a breathtaking tour of archival
sources for the history of the Spanish-"Southwest"? In particular I enjoyed his
inclusion of the 1667 Nueva Vizcaya map showing the natives as either "amigos"
Marta Weigle deals with wooden structures, woodcarving, and such artifacts
that she seems to feel make the Southwest "artificial." I especially enjoyed her
discussion of the ubiquitous doorstop howling coyotes first introduced for
tourist collectors by Felipe Archuleta.
Sylvia Rodriguez appears to have ignored Albert Boime's The Magisterial Gaze
(1991), though she "adopts" his concept of "the imperial gaze," which she
conflates with the "erotic gaze" (both men only), which led to the "panoramati-
zation of the world" or worse, according to Wolfgang Schivelbusch. I can now
understand why, on my last visit there, male Anglo tourists and some Southern
Europeans were turning their backs on the Grand Canyon and "gazing" toward
the curio shop. Given the obvious "erotic" meaning of the canyon, they were
embarrassed to "gaze" at it.
Karl Doerry provides a concluding essay on the Southwest in literature, art,
and film, employing without attribution Alex Nemerov's absurd analysis of
Remington's Fight for the Waterhole. In fact, except for Rodriguez's astounding
jawbreakers like "counter-hegemonic resistance" and " commodifying subjectivi-
ty," these essays reflect much previous work that is "appropriated" but not
acknowledged in the kind of academic imperialism characteristic of the "new"
University of Texas at Austin WILLIAM H. GOETZMANN
Documents of Texas History. Edited by Ernest Wallace, David M. Vigness, and
George B. Ward. (Austin: State House Press, 1994. Pp. xxi+308. ISBN 1-
880510-08-1. $32.95, cloth. -o9-x. $19.95, paper.)
Over the last thirty years, the teaching of Texas history has changed dramati-
cally. Most college courses have become more inclusive in content, incorporat-
ing, for example, issues of gender and ethnicity, and now emphasize urbaniza-
tion, the environment, and the evolving economy rather than primarily rural
and frontier Texas. In turn, the choices of supplementary readings for such
courses have increased, too. The popularity of Texas history courses has inspired
publishers to seek textbook adoptions more actively and publish more state-
related materials. Equally important, perhaps, has been that the growth of both
the state's population and its national political importance has attracted a
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 99, July 1995 - April, 1996. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101217/. Accessed November 22, 2014.