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course, received extensive treatment in Civil War literature, while Bragg's cam-
paigns are only now receiving the attention they deserve.
This volume largely succeeds in filling a large gap on the Civil War historian's
bookshelf. The author has followed the Kentucky campaign from its inception
through its culmination and aftermath, demonstrating how the retreat from
Perryville set the stage for the Union occupation of Tennessee, the Atlanta cam-
paign, and Sherman's incendiary march to Savannah. Although he places much
of the blame for the ultimate collapse of the Confederacy in the West on Bragg,
McDonough's treatment of this controversial general and his Union counter-
parts, Buell and Henry W. Halleck, is remarkably evenhanded. McDonough con-
vincingly recreates the circumstances which motivated decisions which, 133
years later, seem so patently wrong-headed.
One wonders, however, why McDonough leans so heavily on Stanley F. Horn's
The Army of the Tennessee (1941) while substantially ignoring Thomas Connelly's
newer and more comprehensive Army of the Heartland (1967). Likewise, he fre-
quently cites Robert Selph Henry's 1944 biography of Bedford Forrest while dis-
regarding Brian Steel Wills's A Battle from the Start (1992) and Jack Hurst's
Nathan Bedford Forrest (1993). McDonough's survey of primary source material,
while extensive, is not exhaustive.
The volume's maps leave much to be desired, offering little information to
illuminate the text, and the important role of the Eighth Texas Cavalry-Terry's
Texas Rangers-is not even alluded to. In sum, however, this is by far the best
study of the Kentucky campaign, the greatest Confederate offensive of the war in
terms of miles marched, and is likely to remain so for the immediate future.
Arizona State University West THOMAS W. CUTRER
The Confederados: Old South Immigrants in Brazil. Edited by Cyrus B. Dawsey and
James M. Dawsey. (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 1995. Pp.
xiv+374. Introduction, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN o-8173-0753-2.
Americans remain fascinated with Confederate emigration after the Civil War.
This scholarly work focuses on a hundred families at Americana, Brazil, whose
descendants still consider themselves to be "distinct people" (p. 3). The editors,
as well as contributor John C. Dawsey, are brothers who spent their childhood in
Brazil. This volume developed from their interest, the efforts of Auburn
University to develop a collection of materials on the subject, and a 1992 confer-
ence on Confederates in Brazil.
Cyrus B. and James M. Dawsey wrote the introduction and four of the eleven
chapters and edited a primary narrative included as Chapter Two. Their first
chapter analyzes the historical context of migration, while William C. Griggs and
Laura Jarnigan discuss the move itself. Jarnigan argues that it was not a "histori-
cal oddity" (p. 66) but a logical continuation of agrarian capitalist migration.
Why did they choose Brazil? Griggs and Jarnigan agree on the influence of
reports from travelers, the acceptance of slavery, and the Brazilian government's
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 99, July 1995 - April, 1996. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101217/. Accessed May 5, 2015.