Southwestern Historical Quarterly
that a minimal mortgage on the property be paid by the synod fueled a contro-
versy led by a former treasurer of the defunct Austin School of Theology. The
author carefully documents both the value of the family's donation, which had
been denegrated by their critics, as well as the wording of the legal instruments
that clarify the heirs' generosity.
Although unsure of organizing principle, this book provides insight into both
the state's education and its church history. Reason enough, however, for
adding this book to a historian's library is the story of how an energetic educa-
tor, the first woman with a degree to teach in Texas, made a difference in the
lives of young Texas women a century ago..
McMurry University Lou H. RODENBERGER
I Am Annie Mae: An Extraordinary Black Texas Woman in Her Own Words. By Annie
Mae Hunt and Ruthe Winegarten. (Austin, University of Texas Press, 1996.
Pp. xvi+152. Preface, illustrations, acknowledgments, notes, photo credits.
ISBN 0-292-79099-6. $13.95, paper.)
Black Texas Women: A Sourcebook. By Ruthe Winegarten. (Austin, University of
Texas Press, 1996. Pp. xxviii+339. Preface, list of documents, illustrations,
notes, biographies, timeline, index. ISBN 0-292-79100-3. $24.95, paper.)
Women's history in Texas owes much to Ruthe Winegarten. Her work as an
author, exhibit curator, interviewer, and evidence collector during the past two
decades has helped provide the basis for a more inclusive reading of the state's
past. Winegarten's contributions continue with the University of Texas Press's
reprinting of her edited oral history interviews with Annie Mae Hunt and the
publication of a documentary companion volume to Winegarten's award-win-
ning Black Texas Women: 150 Years of Trial and Triumph (University of Texas
Press, 1995). Both books present primary source materials that capture the iron-
ic immediacy of women's history, with its continuing themes touching on paid
employment, domestic responsibilities, community service, and the joys of inde-
pendence supported by sisterhood.
The chilling sentence, "Grandmother remembered very well the day they sold
her mother" (p. 3), is the title of the first chapter in Annie Mae Hunt's memoir
and it signals the frankness with which Hunt shared her life story over the course
of several years of interviews with Winegarten. First published in 1983 and later
rewritten as a musical play by Winegarten and Houston poet Naomi Carrier, the
book chronicles Hunt's life as a child chopping cotton in the Dallas area, as a
mother at the age of fifteen, as a domestic worker raising six children, and later
as an entrepreneur selling Avon cosmetics and taking in sewing. Tragedy and
brutality touched Hunt's life, but hers is essentially a story of triumph over op-
pression, a victory gained in part by telling instead of remaining silent.
Other women's stories are told in Winegarten's compilation Black Texas
Women: A Sourcebook. Organized in eight thematic chapters, the book reproduces
sources documenting the experiences of free women of color and of slave-
women; the era of Reconstruction and its aftermath; education; the arts; church,
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 100, July 1996 - April, 1997. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101218/. Accessed February 8, 2016.