The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 102, July 1998 - April, 1999

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Determined that the Woodlands never become another example of suburban
flight, he successfully petitioned Houston for extraterritorial jurisdiction in
1971. To the dismay of most of the Woodlands' current well-off, Anglo resi-
dents, no city save Houston can annex the Woodlands and it cannot incorporate
without Houston's permission. Mitchell's goal of matching Houston's racial and
income mix has fallen short; the waning of federally subsidized housing pro-
grams has contributed greatly to the imbalance. The Woodlands was sold to the
Crescent and Morgan Stanley real estate companies in 1997 for $543 million.
If the Woodlands has not met Mitchell's ambitious goals, it was not for lack of
trying. More of the passion behind the project comes through in Kutchin's inter-
views than in the older book on the Woodlands. But Kutchin's book is in dire
need of an index and must be read in tandem with the Morgan-King study.
Taken together, they reveal a noble effort to offer an object lesson on city life in
modern America.
University of Texas at Arlington GEORGE GREEN
North American Exploration Vol. 2-A Contznent Defined. Edited by John Logan
Allen. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997. Pp. viii+472.
Illustrations, lists, introduction, notes, bibliography, contributors, index.
ISBN o-8032-1023-X. $75.00, cloth).
This book is the second in a trilogy on North American exploration. In this
volume, six essays cover the period from about 1570 to the late 17oos. During
this time, the continent's coasts, rivers, and interior were aggressively explored
and mapped-hence the volume's subtitle A Continent Defined. Several European
powers (notably Spain, France, England), as well as Russia, had a role in this
process of articulating geographic knowledge about the continent during this
period. Because this volume is an anthology covering the breadth of the conti-
nent over about two centuries, treatment of particular expeditions is often nec-
essarily brief. French exploration from the Atlantic coast into the northern inte-
rior-the fabled area of fur trade into and beyond the Great Lakes region-is
especially well covered in this volume. So, too, is exploration of the Pacific coast.
The Southwestern quadrant of North America is also featured, but readers will
have to consult three separate chapters for information about its exploration.
That is because several countries vied for control of the region over a long peri-
od of time. Spain was the earliest and most tenacious claimant of the Southwest.
The volume's first chapter, written by Oakah Jones, covers the Spanish role in
exploring the region. Jones describes numerous Spanish expeditions, including
those by Espejo (1573), Oiate (1598), Martin and Castillo (1650), Kino
(1687-1710), de Anza (1774-76; 1779-80) and Vial (1786-88; 1793). His essay
reaffirms that Spain jealously guarded, and prohibited the release of geographic
information. This explains why most published maps of the region are by cartog-
raphers from other countries, especially France. These cartographers often knew
less than their Spanish counterparts, but were not restricted in publishing sensi-
tive geographical information.

January

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 102, July 1998 - April, 1999. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101219/. Accessed October 21, 2014.