of literally hundreds of interviews with Native Americans, whites, and blacks on
their experiences in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
La Vere's goals were two-fold: to present the story of the Texas Indians in the
words of the individuals actually involved in the events and to show firsthand the
diversity of these peoples, their cultural clashes, and the confusion which resulted
in their coming into contact with each other. After providing a concise overview
of the history of Native Americans in and from Texas during the nineteenth and
early twentieth centuries, La Vere gives his readers verbatim transcripts of
remembrances from Indians, whites, and blacks organized into chapters on
Native American warfare, Southern Plains cultures, religion, education/health,
reservation life, and survival through changing times. Tribes represented include
not only the expected Comanches and Kiowas, but also Caddos, Wichitas,
Tonkawas, and Lipan Apaches-all of them groups expelled from Texas.
La Vere succeeds in achieving his stated goals and in so doing has created a
fascinating and unexpectedly candid view into the lives of Texas Indians. Lzfe
Among the Texas Indians is a contribution to our understanding of the lives of
Native Americans from Texas and is recommended for any readers interested in
Texas Heritage Museum, Hill College T. LINDSAY BAKER
Empire Builder in the Texas Panhandle: William Henry Bush. By Paul H. Carlson.
(College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1996. Pp. xv+186. List of
illustrations, preface, acknowledgments, epilogue, notes, bibliography,
index. ISBN 0-89096-712-1. $19.95, cloth.)
Paul Carlson's biography of W. H. Bush is a welcome addition to the historical
literature detailing the economic, social, and cultural development of the Texas
Panhandle and Amarillo in particular. The biography also contributes to the
business, civic, and philanthropic history of Chicago, Illinois, because Bush was a
citizen of both cities, spending the last fifty years of his life alternating annually
between his mansion on Chicago's north side, his home in Amarillo, and his
ranch house on the Frying Pan Ranch west of Amarillo.
William Henry (W. H. to his friends) Bush was born in upstate New York in
1849, the son of a cabinetmaker who made a comfortable living for his large
family partly by making butter and cheese containers for the numerous dairy
farmers in the area. Young "Will" preferred the business world rather than the
life of a craftsman. At the age of fourteen, armed only with a sixth-grade educa-
tion and ambition, he began working in a general store. A few years later he
joined a mercantile store.
Bush had a knack for being in the right place at the right time while making
the right decision. In 1869, not yet twenty years of age, Bush made his first
important decision when he moved to the young city of Chicago and found a job
working for a wholesale clothing store as a clerk and "general helper." When the
great Chicago fire broke out in 1871 young Bush made an equally important
decision when he ran to the clothing store and quickly gathered up the cash box
and the ledger. A frightening night in a swamp while the fire raced across the
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101220/. Accessed March 10, 2014.