The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

at Wisconsin and Harvard. Turner ended his days as a fellow at the Huntington
Library in San Marino, California. Throughtout his life's journey, Turner was
learning, teaching, writing western history. Over time his renown grew and
changed. By the late 196os Turner was held in disrepute by many western histo-
rians, and legend already is replacing fact with regard to aspects of his career.
His achievements and his limitations are all carefully explicated in Bogue's
splendid biography.
Every serious student of American history would do well to read this volume. It
is destined to become a classic, the definitive biography. In relating Turner's
life, Bogue also presents his readers with a penetrating discussion of the develop-
ment of American, and particularly western, history as an academic discipline in
American colleges and universities.
University of Oklahoma RICHARD LOWITT
Reopening the American West. Edited by Hal K. Rothman. (Tucson: University of
Arizona Press, 1998. Pp. xiv+2o8. Introduction, list of contributors, index.
ISBN 1-8165-1625-1. $15.95, paper.)
In Reopening the American West, Hal K. Rothman has collected a series of essays
that feature the changes in the environment of the American West. This volume
is the culmination of a two-year-long project supported by the Arizona
Humanities Council and the National Endowment for the Humanities to discuss
the "Second Opening of the West." As Rothman articulates in his introduction
"a reopening suggests another look at issues that seem decided . . . and made
part of the historical canon" (ix-x). The contributors to this book have present-
ed the new approach to the environmental history of the American West.
Divided into three sections, Places, Pasts, and Understanding, each offers a fresh
vision of the study of the relationship of humans and physical nature.
William deBuys, Dan L. Flores, Stephen J. Pyne, and Mike Davis each charac-
terize various "Places" and the impact of humans on locations. This section
ranges in time from the seventeenth century, when deBuys discusses the Spanish
entrada into the Southwest, to present-day Las Vegas, when Davis describes the
demolition of the Dunes hotel. Using his own background as an introduction,
Flores examines multiculturalism and the environmental movement.
Continuing with his seminal research, Pyne narrates the history of fire in the
Southwest and the changes created on its natural cycle by people and their ani-
mals.
"Pasts" are explored by Donald Worster, Hal K. Rothman, and Marguerite S.
Shaffer. Worster presents a new perspective on John Wesley Powell and suggests
Powell's ideas could lead to a new land devoid of old politics and fighting.
Rothman introduces his "Devil's Bargain" and the impact of tourism on the
Navajo people and their reservation. "See America First" in both slogan and poli-
cy during the twentieth century is Shaffer's contribution.
The final section, "Understanding," brings Helen Ingram, Char Miller, and
Robert Gottlieb together in separate essays concerning water, forests, communi-
ty, and place. Each discusses the choices made in the past and how future deci-
sions might be made in the future to avoid environmental mismanagement.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101220/. Accessed November 24, 2014.