The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

E. J. Davis over fellow Republican A. J. Hamilton. Contrary to earlier views, the
percentage of whites who could vote increased with additional registration.
Some fraud or intimidation existed on both sides, with greater loss of votes by
Davis. Hamilton, a moderate, still suffered from apathy by registered Democrats
in areas with no fraud. Issues of race proved stronger than those of class as many
white unionists became postwar Democrats, limiting development of the
Republican Party.
In addition to detailed quantitative analysis, Baum employs newspaper and
manuscript sources, as well as the writings of other historians. He provides expla-
nations of his statistical methods, which appear primarily in tables and an appen-
dix and intrude only occasionally into the narrative of events. Thus the writing is
generally clear and the analysis insightful. While some debates on specific events
may continue, this volume joins those by Walter Buenger on secession, James
Marten on the wartime period, and Carl Moneyhon on Reconstruction as the
most valuable studies of Texas politics for the era.
Texas Tech Unzverszty ALwYN BARR
Portraits of Conflict: A Photographzc History of Texas in the Civil War. By Carl
Moneyhon and Bobby Roberts. (Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press,
1998. Pp. xi+38o. Preface, acknowledgments, photographs, illustrations,
appendix, notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 1-55728-533-0. $75.00, cloth).
This is a work that anyone interested in the role of Texas and Texans in the
American Civil War will want to own. The seventh in a series of photographic
histories of each of the Confederate States, this handsome volume contains 250
photographs of individuals and places associated with Texas's participation in
the war. While most of the photographs are of Texans, both civilians and mili-
tary personnel, the authors/compilers have also included images of Union sol-
diers (such as Kit Carson, John P. Slough, and William B. Franklin) who were
either in Texas or opposed Lone Star units in battle. In making their selections
the authors/compilers have struck a good balance between the famous and the
less well-known individuals. They have also maintained a balance between pho-
tographs of individuals from well-known Texas regiments (such as Hood's
Brigade, Terry's Rangers, Cranbury's Brigade) and those units (such as the
Eleventh Texas Cavalry, the Thirteenth Texas Infantry, and the Second Texas
Cavalry-Union) whose campaigns have received less attention.
In a thoughtful opening essay the authors describe the state of photography at
the time of the Civil War, noting the four major photographic techniques com-
mon at the time and identifying the photogaphers practicing their art in Texas
in the late antebellum period. While the authors point out that Texas photogra-
phers never produced the quantity of work achieved by colleagues elsewhere,
they conclude that Texans nevertheless left a rich legacy in visual presentation.
This legacy is shown clearly by the photographs reproduced in this volume.
Utilizing various collections, including those in the Harold B. Simpson
Confederate Research Center, the Texas State Archives, the University of Texas

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 103, July 1999 - April, 2000. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101220/. Accessed September 2, 2014.