The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 104, July 2000 - April, 2001

Book Reviews

Accurate and Occasionally Anecdotal History of that Part of Cochise County, Arizona,
and the country immediately adjacent, Replete With Tales Of glory and greed, heroism and
depravity, and plain hard work.
More to the point, the book will evoke appreciation for those who wrested
security and community from an incredibly rugged setting. Spanish and Mexi-
can authorities could not contend with Apache raiders who found sanctuary in
the Chiricahuas. Between the California Gold Rush and the Civil War, the first
Anglos fell heir to Apache defiance, mitigated only somewhat by the garrisons at
Forts Buchanan and Bowie. Cochise and Geronimo were synonymous with the
area until the late 188os, when the U.S. Army's vastly superior numbers finally
subdued the last off-reservation renegades. To the Arizona Territory (1863)
came a slumgullion of humanity, lured by mineral wealth and knee-high range
grass. Southerners predominated, and many were Texans. Some were upstand-
ing, like Clabe Merchant and Jim Parramore of Abilene, who developed the
extensive Seven H spread in the San Simon Valley; others-like the rustling,
hardcase "cowboy" element, including N. H. Clanton and sons and San Saba
County's Blackjack Ketchum-proved considerably more destabilizing than the
Apaches. Prominent in both the Chiricahuas and the Texas oil patch, was
plunger John H. Galey, whose Texas Mine sprouted the raucous Galeyville and
who became synonymous with Spindletop. By statehood (1912), settlement had
taken hold at Paradise, Cave Creek, and Portal; telephone and mail service were
realities; and a few Model Ts, as well as birders and summertime heat refugees,
had appeared. While the frontier retreated, its vestiges hung on, and pistol-whip-
pings and shootouts persisted into the 1920os. When the author arrived in 1941,
the Chiricahua country "wasn't like that anymore" (p. 331).
Although somewhat episodic and frequently mired in events beyond the
Chiricahuas, A Portal to Paradise conveys the author's eye for human nature and
ability to tell a story. While he denied any scholarly intent, Hayes, an oft-pub-
lished archaeologist, conducted nearly a hundred interviews and consulted over
two hundred pertinent publications. Maddeningly, there is no index. Neverthe-
less, specialists will mine for the occasional nugget, and a general readership, for
whom the volume was intended, will enjoy an introduction to a fascinating cor-
ner of the Southwest.
Southwest Texas State University James A. Wilson
A Guide to the Indian Wars of the West. By John D. McDermott. (Lincoln: University
of Nebraska Press, 1998. Pp. xxv+205. Maps, illustrations, tables, introduc-
tion, notes, suggested reading. ISBN o-8o3-28246-X. $16.95, paper.)
Rather than a guide, as the title states, this book is a primer-a compendium
of elementary facts and statistics that will certainly appeal to beginning students
of western history, and any general readers interested in vivid details related to
many aspects of the 18oos frontier. But there are caveats. Readily apparent are
the author's curious generalizations about Indians. For example, without naming
particular tribes, McDermott states that Indian warriors lacked discipline and

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 104, July 2000 - April, 2001. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101221/. Accessed July 29, 2014.