from Andrew Jackson's capture of Spanish Pensacola in November 1814,
through the battle of New Orleans, and to the British assault against Fort Bowyer
at Mobile Point in February 1815. These maps, enclosed in a packet accompany-
ing the book, are handsomely reproduced and even suitable for framing. In
addition to the maps, a lengthy appendix includes relevant British and
American documentary sources, collected by Latour and published in the book's
first edition. It should be noted that the 1999 expanded edition of the Historical
Memoir includes additional documents, which were compiled by Latour, but not
previously published in his account.
Latour's narrative is especially worthwhile to historians because it was written
so close in time to the events it describes. While aiming to be fair, Latour gave
vent to his political views and the passions of war. He acknowledged British mili-
tary bravery, but loathed alleged British war crimes, including the carrying away
of slaves from American plantations. He defended Jean Lafitte's buccaneers as
lawful "privateers," and approved Jackson's reliance upon them in battle. Latour
was greatly concerned with vindicating the honor of French Louisianans, whose
patriotism was frequently questioned in the United States prior to the Battle of
New Orleans. His book, now published in such a beautiful manner, should long
be consulted by readers interested in the War of 1812.
University of Texas at Arlington David E. Narrett
Horse Sweat and Powder Smoke: The First Texas Cavalry in the Civil War. Stanley S.
McGowen. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1999. Pp. xv+223.
Photographs, drawings, maps, bibliography, index. ISBN 0-89096-903-5.
Stanley McGowen, a TCU Ph.D., presents a thoroughly researched, compre-
hensively detailed narrative of a unit that served effectively in every region and
against every opponent of Confederate Texas, shifting from frontier defense in
Central Texas (where its members were largely recruited) to coastal patrolling
and service in the Red River Campaign against Union regulars. McGowen's
meticulous account includes analyses of the ethnic, occupational, and geograph-
ical origins of the regiment's soldiers and their lives in camp and field. Several
significant conclusions emerge: probably atypically, 35 percent were born out-
side the South, 21 percent outside the U.S., 12 percent in Germany (p. xii), and
from 1863 on, the regiment's commanding officers were German. The regiment
was also "rather unique" (p. xi) in its discipline and cohesion (most evident in
an extremely low desertion rate, even in the spring of 1865), and in being
armed and trained in the use of the sabre (which the author attributes to its
German commanders). McGowen persuasively depicts its attack on the Unionist
emigrants led by Frederick Tegener as part of an ongoing partisan conflict: the
Unionists' arms and their quest to join Federal forces in Mexico made them
combatants, justifying the assault, against which they defended themselves as
well as could be expected given their numerical inferiority. Nevertheless, the
murder of wounded Unionist prisoners was neither reported nor punished by
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 104, July 2000 - April, 2001. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101221/. Accessed January 27, 2015.