The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 104, July 2000 - April, 2001

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

Amigos bound for the new world. Leaving the ship at the Bay of Campeche, the
boys headed for the ranch of their great uncle Francisco near Jalapa. Within a
year, they had joined a group of settlers from the Canary Islands who were trav-
eling to San Antonio de Bxar. The author then picks up the life story of Jose
Antonio and his lifetime interest in the lands along the Medina River, south of
town. His eldest son, Juan Antonio, continued his father's enthusiasm for those
lands and by the late 179os had claimed a portion just north of the Medina and
built a stone house there. From this point on, the author expounds on the histo-
ry of the Perez family as they became an important part of the San Antonio com-
munity, moving regularly between their property in town and the ranch. He
then traces the lives of their descendants and the operation of the ranch
through seven generations to the present day.
The author has done a thorough job of research on the San Antonio commu-
nity and the Perez family's place in its history. Frankly stating that this is a "story,"
he draws on an impressive list of published sources to pull together in the first
six chapters what amounts to a biographical essay on the first few generations of
the Perez family in San Antonio. Chapters seven and eight bring the ranch's his-
tory up to the present. As he states in the preface, he takes some license with his-
torical details. However, this lies primarily in the fleshing out of observations and
conclusions about his characters' thoughts and actions, not with the historical
facts. The bibliography of publications from which he obtained his historical
information is quite thorough, and his endnotes provide important additional
historical details. Nearly every local historian should hesitate to be too critical,
since he will find at least one of his publications in the bibliography.
This is a thoroughly interesting and readable account of life in early San
Antonio, tied securely to the present situation of the lands along the Medina
River. It should prove particularly useful to history teachers from the high
school through the college level who are looking for publications that would
encourage their students to be interested in early Texas history.
University of Texas, San Antonzo Anne Fox
Manifest Destiny and Empzre: Amercan Antebellum Expansionzsm. Edited by Sam W.
Haynes and Christopher Morris. (Texas A&M University Press: College
Station, 1997. Pp. xi+179. Preface, introduction. ISBN o-89096-756-4354.
$24.95, cloth.)
This collection of six essays from the 1996 Walter Prescott Webb Memorial
Lectures explores the concept of Manifest Destiny and its close relationship to
American efforts to expand U.S. territory, primarily during the 183os, 184os,
and 185os. Taken together, the essays illuminate the thinking of the era's expan-
sionists and of those of their contemporaries less enamored of empire-building.
RobertJohannsen's "The Meaning of Manifest Destiny" traces the term's early
uses, from its 1845 coinage by John O'Sullivan in an article favoring Texas
annexation. Johannsen points out that O'Sullivan wasn't advocating the use of
force, a distinction that was lost on the filibusters of the era. Another article in

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 104, July 2000 - April, 2001. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101221/. Accessed November 27, 2014.