The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

racist whites" (p. 134). Were businessmen not racists too? As W. Marvin Dulaney
and others have begun to explain, managed desegregation is not the culmina-
tion of a linear, upward march from slavery toward an interracial paradise, but a
way power-holders reconfigured inequality in new forms.
Kellar needs a way out of the bind whereby he describes on one hand the "suc-
cess" of Houston ending its dual school system, while on the other stating that
white flight out of city schools and tracking within them produced "resegrega-
tion" (p. 175). An answer may begin with debunking the idea that the fulfill-
ment of court-ordered desegregation plans in 1984 and the installation in 1994
of blackface managers like Rod Paige as superintendent of the Houston Inde-
pendent School District were victories in the African American struggle for ac-
cess and equity in education. Despite its limitations, Make Haste Slowly is a useful
case study of Houston and school desegregation.
University of Alabama Amilcar Shabazz
Exploring the Afro-Texas Experience: A Bibliography of Secondary Sources About Black
Texans. By Bruce A. Glasrud and Laurie Champion. (Alpine, Tex.: Center
for Big Bend Studies, Sul Ross State University, 2ooo. Pp. xiv+18o. Fore-
word, preface, acknowledgments, author index, afterward. ISBN 0-9647629-
7-8. $20.00, paper.)
Blacks participated in the early settlement and in the later development of
Texas; yet, until recently (as historians measure time), their community and its
contribution to building the Lone Star State were largely ignored. For many ear-
ly historians of Texas, the Black experience was, apparently, not worth studying.
But some thirty or so years ago, modern historians-led by what has become
known as the "Texas Tech University School of Black History"-began trying to
remedy the problem and to fill the "gap" in our historical understanding of the
state's African American community; subsequently, an outpouring of literature
on Black Texans swelled to voluminous proportions. Therein lies the value of
the volume reviewed here. Professor Bruce A. Glasrud, presently dean of the
College of Arts and Sciences at Sul Ross State University and a founding mem-
ber of Tech's early "Black History School," and Laurie Champion have collected
and organized secondary sources-including dissertations and theses-on black
Texans.
In 1998 Glasrud, assisted by Champion, compiled and edited African Ameri-
cans in the West: A Bibliography of Secondary Sources (Alpine: Center for Big Bend
Studies). Their effort to catalog the secondary sources on black Texans is a logi-
cal outgrowth of their previous effort. Essentially, Glasrud and Champion have
come to the rescue of scholars, students, and laymen, young and old, who study
the black community in Texas and who study the broader general field of Texas
history. Their bibliography is most thorough and is indeed priceless for re-
searchers. Organized chronologically, the bibliography has eighteen chapters ar-
ranged thus: General and bibliographical studies find a home in chapter one;
then follow eleven chapters organized chronologically that begin with Estevan-
the black man from Azamor who accompanied Coronado on his trip to south-
ern Kansas, a trip that sliced through West Texas--and that end with

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101222/. Accessed October 1, 2014.