The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002

Book Reviews

The above descriptions do not do justice to these well-researched and clearly
written essays. There is a problem, however, in what was not presented in a book
that purports to cover "five centuries of Western water conflict." Missing are such
conflicts as the Owens Valley-Los Angeles water controversy; the fight between
San Francisco and the Sierra Club over the Hetch Hetchy Valley; the court cases
of Lux v. Haggin and Arizona v. California; the complexities of the Colorado River
Compact; and the recent litigation between San Diego and the Metropolitan Wa-
ter District of Southern California. Miller and (to a lesser degree) Rothman de-
monize Los Angeles for its aggressive water policies, and Miller links Houston,
Phoenix, San Diego, Dallas, Los Angeles, and San Antonio as urban aggressors,
but none of the essays deals with the urban-rural contest for water, perhaps the
most dramatic and significant of Western water conflicts. But maybe that's the
subject of another conference and another set of essays.
Los Angeles Valley College Abraham Hoffman
The Human Tradition in Texas. Edited by Ty Cashion andJes6s F. de la Teja. (Wilm-
ington: SR Books, 2ool. Pp. xxiii+239. Introduction. ISBN o-8420-2906-0.
$18.95, paper.)
This volume of biographical essays presents examples of diverse lives in differ-
ent periods and places within Texas. Jesus F. de la Teja offers a thoughtful intro-
duction on differing concepts of Texas and "Texan-ness."
For the early years, John Miller Morris focuses on observations by Cabeza de Va-
ca of the numerous and resourceful Native American groups along the coast and
the Rio Grande valley, and their interactions with shipwrecked Spaniards. Fran-
cisco Xavier Chaves is presented by Elizabeth A. H. John as a successful inter-
preter for Spanish officials after being captured and raised by Indians.
Nineteenth-century Texans include Robert Hall, described by Stephen L.
Hardin as a southern frontiersman who fought for a Texas destiny against Co-
manches and Mexicans during the Republic. Dallas Cothrum explores the con-
frontive and erratic career of Louis T. Wigfall from South Carolina, who opposed
compromise and promoted secession, but seldom dealt with other issues. Barry A.
Crouch considers Thomas Williams, a Unionist and State Police captain who strug-
gled to control violence and ensure fair trials, but died in an ambush.John B. Rayn-
er, a black Populist who challenged Democrats in the 189os, is discussed by Gregg
Cantrell who explores his changing views on prohibition, education, and race re-
lations. Paul H. Carlson analyzes the activities of William Henry Bush, a Chicago
businessman who became a major investor in Panhandle ranching, land, and rail-
roads, as well as a hospital and a library from the 188os through the 192os.
For the early twentieth century Hester Calvert is presented by Rebecca Sharpless
as an example of struggles by a sharecropper's wife to raise a large family while
sewing, cleaning, and cooking amidst difficult conditions.Janet Schmelzer consid-
ers Thomas Mitchell Campbell, a progressive governor who sought to improve
standards for public schools, food and drugs, prisons, child labor, and corporate
regulation. Ormer Leslie Locklear, who symbolized the birth of aviation as a dare-



Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. Accessed May 25, 2015.