The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

devil pilot and wing walker, but died in a movie stunt crash, is discussed by
J'Nell Pate.
Social changes of the twentieth century are reflected in several essays. Amilcar
Shabazz explores the efforts and conflicts of Carter Wesley, a black newspaper ed-
itor and advocate of voting rights, school desegregation, and other improvements
in education for African Americans. The development of both country music and
rock and roll reflected the influence of fiddler Bob Wills, who drew upon both
white and black music according to Charles R. Townsend. Julia Kirk Blackwelder
analyzes the complex organizing and protest efforts of Emma Tenayuca on behalf
of Hispanic women with poorly paid cigar-making and pecan-shelling jobs in San
Antonio during the Great Depression. The campaign from the 1950s to 1972 by
Hermine Tobolowsky to eliminate legal descrimination against women is consid-
ered by Tai Kreidler. Ty Cashion presents West Texas high school football coach
Garry Gaines as a positive example in the debate over the influence of sports in
the late twentieth century.
These essays are well researched and generally well written, with varying de-
grees of analysis. Together they contribute to a better understanding of the broad
range of human traditions in Texas. Instructors in Texas history courses should
find them valuable for themselves and their students.
Texas Tech University Alwyn Barr
A Short History of the Native Americans in the United States. By Howard Meredith.
(Melbourne, Fla.: Krieger Publishing Co., 2001. Pp. x+169. Preface, ac-
knowledgments, prologue, bibliography, permissions, index. ISBN 1-57524-
139-0. $17.50, paper.)
A Short History of the Native Americans in the United States is part of Krieger Pub-
lishing Company's Anvil Series, surveys of various topics in U.S. and world history
designed to supplement college history courses. This volume, as well as the others
in the series, is divided into two parts, a narrative overview of the subject and a col-
lection of source documents.
The evolution of modern teaching practices in college-level U.S. history cours-
es has resulted, happily, in the recognition of the historical importance of groups
such as American Indians, so a supplementary reader like A Short History is a wel-
come addition to the resources available to history teachers. Still, as those of us
who teach American Indian studies know only too well, this recognition of the im-
portance of Indians sometimes fails to appreciate fully the enormity of the field,
which spans five hundred years just of Indian-white relations, and thousands of
years before 1492. This means that teachers of American Indian studies should
not judge this concise summary of American Indian history, really a kind of study
guide, by the same standards of detail and analysis used for formal scholarly
works. In other words, each reader at the professional level will find something
omitted or treated too briefly.
This caveat aside, Meredith gives little attention to the fur trade, which resulted
in the social and economic reorganization of American Indian communities

April

692

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 105, July 2001 - April, 2002. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101222/. Accessed September 1, 2014.