The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003

Southwestern Historical Quarterly

lends a singular credence to his commentary which is at once naive and pene-
trating. Most importantly, Pavie himself seemed to divine and mourn the passing
of an intersection of populations which would never meet on such an even play-
ing field again.
Betje Black Klier has shared her impressive find supplemented by extensive re-
search and intelligent analysis. Particularly praiseworthy was the refusal of
Louisiana State University Press to relegate her otherwise indispensable foot-
notes to a graveyard of endnotes which would have rendered them virtually use-
less. The Texas portions of the book have been previously published in Southern
Humanitzes Revzew. Included in this edition are a series of remarkable drawings
from the sketchbook which Pavie took with him. Although heretofore over-
looked by such eminent Texana bibliographers as Thomas Streeter, the travel
accounts by Theodore Pavie now occupy a distinguished place among sources
on the Old Southwest.
The Pennsylvania State University Jodella K. Dyreson
Texas by Terdn: The Dzary Kept by General Manuel de Mier y Terdn on hzs 1828 Inspec-
tion of Texas. Edited by Jack Jackson, translated by John Wheat, botanical notes
by Scooter Cheatam and Lynn Marshall. (Austin: University of Texas Press.
2000. Pp. x+283. Acknowledgments, introduction, diary, epilogue, appendix,
notes, bibliography, index. ISBN 0-292-78168-7. $40, cloth.)
Even if they ever knew them, most Texans have forgotten the name and ac-
complishments of Gen. Jose Manuel Sime6n de Mier y Terin-and that is a
pity. He was one of Mexico's most influential military officials and his actions
left a lasting impression upon Texas and its inhabitants. On November 0o,
1827, he departed Mexico City in command of the Comisi6n de Limites. The
expedition arrived in San Antonio on March 1, 1828, and in Nacogdoches on
June 3. While the venture yielded much scientific and sociological data, it also
had a political motive. Mistrustful Mexican politicos instructed the general to
monitor the North American colonists who were flocking to Mexican Tejas in
alarming numbers. What he saw alarmed Mier y Terin and his report reflected
his growing suspicion of American settlers. He urged stronger commercial ties
with the Mexican interior, more Mexican and European colonization as a buffer
against American settlement, and an increased military presence. The law of
April 6, 1830, attempted to stem the tide of American immigration and incor-
porated many of Mier y Terin's recommendations. It also alienated American
settlers and initiated a chain of events that provoked open rebellion in October
1835.
The inspection tour produced a windfall of historical materials. Jean Louis
Berlandier was a botanist, zoologist, and artist who accompanied Mier y Terin.
Translations of his journals are available in two modern editions. Also valuable
are the maps and sketches of the expedition's draftsman Jose Maria Sinchez y
Tapfa. In 1948 Ohland Morton published what remains the best study of the
general and his times, Terdn and Texas: A Chapter zn Texas-Mexican Relatzons.

308

October

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/. Accessed December 25, 2014.