The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003

Book Reviews

before 1776. One can find scattered references in her work that suggest that
from the latter date through the 1850s there was an increase in Guadalupan de-
votion. But Dunnington's contention that after 1850 "there was no diminution
in [Guadalupe's] cult" (p. 57) is supported with very little dated evidence before
the 1940s, other than various community celebrations of the Guadalupe feastday
in December.
This disappointing historical treatment of the Guadalupe devotion in New
Mexico prevents Dunnington's study from being the comprehensive work to
which she aspired. Nevertheless, it is the obligatory treatment upon which future
work must build. Dunnington has provided a great service in marshalling those
references which she presents. Her chapter on the debated history of the
Guadalupan devotion in Spain and Mexico is an excellent summary for students.
Her wide-ranging and highly informed interpretive presentation of New Mexi-
can Guadalupan devotion in recent decades is unmatched for other regions of
the United States and arrives at challenging conclusions for avant-garde scholars
of contemporary Guadalupan devotion.
Oblate School of Theology, San Antonzo ROBERT E. WRIGHT
Madero in Texas. By David Nathan Johnson, edited by Felix D. Almarz Jr. (San
Antonio: Corona Publishing Co., 2oo001. Pp. xii+195. Preface, list of charac-
ters, photographs, epilogue, appendix, acknowledgments, notes, glossary,
bibliography, photo credits, index. ISBN o-931722-o8-x. $27.00, cloth.)
Thanks to the intervention of esteemed historian F6lix Almariz, this fascinat-
ing revolutionary episode has been reclaimed. Originally written as a master's
thesis by a student of his-David Nathan Johnson, who died in 1986-the work
has been expertly edited by Dr. Almariz, who I also suspect had a say in the love-
ly cover and layout.
At the outset a "Cast of Characters" effectively hints at the dramatic nature of
the story, even as it serves as a handy reference point, particularly for those read-
ers not well versed in the Mexican Revolution. The account itself begins with a
balanced, insightful summary of the Diaz regime. Meanwhile Madero, a progres-
sive hacendado, used scientific agricultural techniques to improving the efficiency
of his vast holdings, then shared the increased profits with his workers in the
form of higher wages and better housing. He also directed his physician to treat
these families for free, but was Madero typical of the landed class in any re-
spects? For example, were his laborers tied to the land in debt peonage?
No references are made to Texas during the Diaz period; after all, Madero had
not yet arrived. Nevertheless it would have been interesting to tease out the Texas
links of Madero and other residents of Coahuila, the state that at one point had
been united with Texas as one state (and as such, was the subject of Vito Alessio
Robles' majesterial Coahuila y Texas-2 vols., Mexico, 1945-1946- which Dr. Al-
mariz has used in his own work.) Later, whenever Madero returns to Mexico, the
Texas references disappear. Again, this is understandable, but it would have been
interesting to explore concurrent Texas events. Not surprisingly the author does

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/. Accessed December 21, 2014.