464 Southwestern Historical Quarterly January
a much better job of linking the two topics when Madero is actually in Texas.
Here Johnson offers fresh insights into the world of the revolutionary exiles, from
their various disguises to their gun-smuggling tactics (although laundry lists of
participants and street locations occasionally interrupt the dramatic arc of the sto-
ry). The book also points out that, while many San Antonio business leaders op-
posed the revolution, San Antonio government officials often were surprisingly
sympathetic. At the Mexican consulate, meanwhile, several of the staff members
secretly supported Madero.
The epilogue by Dr. Almariz traces the revolution to its conclusion in a suc-
cinct but thorough and engaging way. Again, though, a few concluding remarks
on the role of Texas in all this would have reinforced the overall theme. In any
event, this small but carefully crafted study sheds light on an overlooked chapter
in the histories of both Mexico and Texas.
Manhattan College JULIE LEININGER PYCIOR
Mexican Coal Mining Labor zn Texas and Coahuila, 1880-r93o. By Roberto R.
Calder6n. (College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 2000. Pp. xix+294.
Preface, introduction, photos, illustrations, maps, tables, appendices,
sources, index. ISBN 0-89096-884-5. $39.95, cloth.)
Roberto Calder6n had already demonstrated his thorough and profitable
manner of combing through secondary works and mining new primary sources
in his dissertation and other notable works on Mexican workers from the
Texas-Mexico border. With his latest book project, he revisits the historical
record, advances his work significantly, and once again reminds us that history
writing, especially in the expanding field of Mexican American history, pays
good dividends to the enterprising and hard working researcher.
Calder6n casts a wide net to explain the working and living conditions of Mex-
ican workers as well as the labor organizing that they joined. Although he focus-
es on bituminous coal mining on the Coahuila-Texas border, Calder6n includes
interior regions from Texas and Coahuila. He also offers a transnational back-
drop of regional and political incorporation in the form of economic develop-
ment and the introduction of state authority. Within this substantial area and
formative process of economic and political development, Calder6n devotes a
good amount of space to a discussion of the coal industry in Coahuila and Texas
between 188o and 1930. The emergence and growth of the coal industry gives
Calder6n an opportunity to remind us that the history of the border region is in-
timately tied to the story of transnational capital formation and favorable state
policies, and its development responded to an unstable market that eventually
collapsed with the emergence of oil. The Mexican industrial work force that
emerged was integral to this story.
The narrative builds with detailed accounts of economic and industrial pro-
cesses as well as with examinations of the working and living conditions of Mexi-
can coal miners and their families. Calder6n makes an especially important
contribution when he ties regional wage variations to prices and business cycles.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 106, July 2002 - April, 2003. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101223/. Accessed April 26, 2015.