mammalogist and currently president of Texas Tech University, has produced a
massive book that includes a reprint of that 1905 publication and much more.
The lengthy introduction provides useful information on biological survey and its
work in Texas as well as brief biographies of the field agents, which included such
distinguished scientists as William Bray, Ned Hollister, and Harry Oberholser.
Schmidly chose mammals to illustrate what happened in the twentieth century
to the natural history of Texas. He has provided 181 annotations to the original
addition that updated such things as nomenclature and taxonomy of each mam-
mal as well as changes that have occurred in distribution and conservation status.
What Bailey published originally was only a fraction of the information con-
tained in the field reports from the various scientists and none of their pho-
tographs. In a chapter entitled "Texas Landscapes," excerpts from the reports
and a sampling of black and white photographs are provided for each of the ten
ecological regions of Texas today. The remainder of the book is devoted to iden-
tifying the twentieth-century changes in the landscape and land uses, in mammal
fauna, and provide a look at the challenges facing wildlife conservation in Texas
in the twenty-first century. A brief but perceptive look is given to such issues as
fire suppression, the loss of wetlands, the misuse of water, encroachment of
brush, land development, and the invasion of alien plants. The study concludes
with a list of twelve challenges, among which are strengthening scientific research
capability, increasing participation of private landowners, making conservation
education a priority for the public, and focusing on sustainable resource system
and ecosystem management. The author lays out a valuable blueprint of how the
state can meet the challenges successfully in the next century.
The appendix contains a listing of the scientific and common names of the
animals and plants listed in the original survey. There is also a comprehensive
The title is somewhat of a misnomer-the book provides us only a part of the
natural history of Texas. We still need a similar in-depth look at what has hap-
pened to birds, insects, and plants that also make up the natural history of the
state during the twentieth century.
Universzty of Texas at San Antonio DWIGHT HENDERSON
Stone Age Spear and Arrow Poznts of the Southwestern Unzted States. By Noel D. Justice.
(Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002. Pp. vii+452. Figures, maps,
preface,acknowledgments, introduction, appendix, bibliography, index.
ISBN 0-253-33912-X. $59.95, cloth.)
Stone Age Spear and Arrow Poznts of California and the Great Basin. By Noel D.
Justice. (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2oo0. Pp. xv+531. List of
figures, list of color plates, list of maps, introduction, preface, acknowledg-
ments, abbreviations, projectile point ID key, appendix, bibliography,
index. ISBN 0-253-33911-1. $59-95, cloth.)
These two books represent the efforts of Noel Justice to carry out a compre-
hensive synthesis of the projectile point types of the ancient North American
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 107, July 2003 - April, 2004. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101224/. Accessed April 21, 2015.