The 178o Cabello Map: New Evidence That
There Were Two Mission Rosarios, and a Possible
Correction on the Site of El Fuerte del Cibolo
A S PART OF A RESEARCH PROJECT FOR TEXAS PARKS AND WILDLIFE DEPART-
ment on Gen. Manuel de Mier y Terin's Fort Lipantitln, I recently or-
dered two Mexican War maps of South Texas drawn in 1 845 by Lt. Jacob
Edmond Blake from the National Archives Cartographic Branch at Col-
lege Park, Maryland. Imagine my amazement when one of the maps sent
turned out to be the work of Governor Domingo Cabello y Robles in 1780!
The map is neither signed nor dated. Consequently, it is not Cabello's
original but appears to be a close copy by a Spanish draftsman of a map of
his that I have been trying to track down for almost twenty years. How it be-
came part of Record Group 77 at the National Archives, Bureau of the
Chief of Engineers, is yet unknown-one of those "mysteries" typical of
other colonial-period Spanish maps now housed in various United States
institutions such as the National Archives and the Library of Congress.
I was aware that Cabello had promised to draw such a map when I wrote
Los Mestenos, a book published in 1986, but had no evidence that it was ac-
tually made or sent to Commandant General Teodoro de Croix.' Here is
Cabello's letter of September 14, 1780, explaining why he wanted to
move the location of El Fuerte del Cibolo to a different site and men-
tioning the map that he planned to draw of the region between San An-
tonio de B6xar and La Bahia del Espiritu Santo (Goliad) so Croix could
better understand the contemplated move:
[In margin: "Number 267. The governor of the province of Los Texas, in order to
afford compliance with Your Lordship's order of January 31st of this present
year--whereby he was (ordered) to inspect the Cibolo Fort-left the La Bahia del
* Jack Jackson is an independent historian and illustrator. His most recent book, Almonte's
Texas Juan N. Almonte's 1834 Inspectzon, Secret Report & Role in the 1836 Campaign, translated by
John Wheat and pubhshed by the TSHA, will be out this month.
'JackJackson, Los Mesteiros: Spanish Ranchng in Texas, 1721-I821 (College Station: Texas A&M
VOL. CVII, NO. 2 SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY OCTOBER 2003
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 107, July 2003 - April, 2004. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101224/. Accessed July 7, 2015.