The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 107, July 2003 - April, 2004

Samuel Moore Gaines: A Pioneering Art Collector
in Early Fort Worth
SCOTT GRANT BARKER*
A N INTENSE FOCUS ON THE VISUAL ARTS IS EVIDENT IN THE CULTURE
of Fort Worth. The presence of three world-class art museums
underscores the significant role visual art plays in city life. Art's
revered status was reaffirmed in 200oo with a $40 million makeover of
the Amon Carter Museum and again in 2002 with the completion of a
new building to house the city's oldest art venue, The Modern. At
153,000 square feet the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth is now the
second largest facility in the United States for the exhibition and study
of contemporary American art. It sits due east of the Kimbell Art
Museum, the third and best-known jewel in Fort Worth's crown of
high-profile museums.
The Kimbell Art Museum was dedicated in 1972 and housed a
European painting collection assembled loosely on the tastes of its
founder, deceased businessman Kay Kimbell. The Amon Carter Museum,
first known as the Amon Carter Museum of Western Art, opened in
1961. It featured a premier collection of Frederic Remington and
Charles M. Russell paintings accumulated by newspaper publisher Amon
G. Carter. The Modern, with roots dating to the nineteenth century,
gained its first permanent home in 1954 as the Fort Worth Art Center. It
originally housed an eclectic collection of late nineteenth- and early
twentieth-century American art owned by the Fort Worth Art Association.
The institution gradually refocused its collection to include strictly con-
temporary painting and sculpture, mostly American, and changed its
name to the Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth in 1987. Each museum
* Scott Grant Barker is a native of Dallas who grew up in Midland and moved to Tarrant
County in 1975. He is a veteran of the U.S. Navy and earned his BBA from the University of
Texas at Arlington in 1977. Fort Worth history, particularly the art history of the city, has been a
consuming interest for fifteen years. Self-taught, Barker frequently writes and lectures on the
early artists of Fort Worth. As an art collector, his focus is on'the modernist school of painting
that flourished in Fort Worth during and after World War II. He is also a past vice president of
the Tarrant County Historical Society.
VOL. CVII, No. 3 SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL QUARTERLY JANUARY, 2004

Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 107, July 2003 - April, 2004. Austin, Texas. The Portal to Texas History. http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101224/. Accessed October 25, 2014.